The attempt by several House Democrats to pressure television carriers to deplatform certain news organizations could trigger a lawsuit, law professor Alan Dershowitz said Saturday.
"When the First Amendment says Congress shall make no law abridging the freedom of speech, it's been interpreted to mean, take no action, it doesn't have to be law. The First Amendment applies to presidents to governors to mayors to anybody who can abridge the freedom of speech. And I think these letters abridge the freedom of speech," Dershowitz said during an appearance on Newsmax TV.
They pointedly asked the carriers if they were planning on carrying the networks "both now and beyond any contract renewal date."
"That's not a question. That's a threat," Dershowitz said. "And that comes within the First Amendment, and I think there is room for a potential lawsuit for declaratory judgment at least, saying that Congress has no authority to tell or suggest or imply to cable operators that they should take people off the air as the result of content. That would violate the First Amendment."
The offices of Eshoo and McNerney haven't returned requests for comment.
They sent letters to AT&T, Verizon, Roku, Amazon, Apple, Comcast, Charter Communications, Dish Network, Cox Communications, Altice USA, Google's parent company Alphabet, and Hulu.
The letters were sent in advance of a House Energy and Commerce subcommittee hearing titled "Fanning the Flames: Disinformation and Extremism in the Media."
Eshoo told the hearing that the First Amendment "prohibits Congress from enacting laws abridging the freedom of speech, and I'm an ardent supporter of it.
"It does not, however, stop us from examining the public health and democratic implications of misinformation," she added.
Lawmakers heard from Emily Bell, director of the Tow Center for Digital Media at Columbia University, who claimed that Newsmax and One America News "showed themselves willing to continue to repeat false narratives about the legitimacy of the election result."
Ranking Member Cathy McMorris Rodgers (R-Wash.) criticized the letters as an attack on the First Amendment.
"Anyone who values free speech and a free press should be alarmed by these actions today," she said. "It's an attack on the First Amendment when public officials use their power to coerce private companies to censor and silence viewpoints they don’t agree with."