Georgia banned child gender transition, with a bill signed by Republican Gov. Brian Kemp on March 23.
The bill notes the "massive unexplained rise in diagnoses of gender dysphoria among children over the past 10 years, with most of those experiencing this phenomenon being girls."
Georgia's legislature has found that several aspects of this trend have little scientific support, the bill states.
When children feel uncomfortable with their gender, they often grow out of it. Feeling uncomfortable with gender tends to correspond with other mental illnesses. Hormonal and surgical treatments for gender dysphoria have irreversible effects. No large-scale studies have tracked long-term satisfaction with child sex-change procedures.
Given these points, the bill states, "Under the principle of 'do no harm,' taking a wait-and-see approach to minors with gender dysphoria, providing counseling, and allowing the child time to mature and develop his or her own identity is preferable to causing the child permanent physical damage."
The legislature has "an obligation to protect children" because children aren't developed enough to make irreversible medical choices, the bill concludes.
On these facts, the bill bans "irreversible procedures or therapies," including sex reassignment surgeries and hormone replacement therapy.
The bill provides exceptions for hormone replacement therapy and surgery for medical conditions other than gender dysphoria, including hormone insensitivity, those born with ambiguous genitalia, those with chromosomal abnormalities, and children already being treated for gender dysphoria using hormones.
Fighting for Minors' Access to Sex ChangeSB 140 has faced strong pushback from child sex change supporters, such as the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), the activist group Human Rights Campaign (HRC), and the LGBT activist group Georgia Equality.
"This legislation is a severe and detrimental overstep that keeps Georgia families from accessing safe and needed care," the ACLU's Georgia chapter said.
According to the group, the bill could damage Georgia's health care system if the government closes hospitals that violate the law and if doctors who violate the law lose their medical licenses.
"By putting medical providers in legal jeopardy, the Georgia House has made an already nightmarish, discriminatory bill even worse," HRC state legislative director Cathryn Oakley said.
The HRC added that the bill will "harm trans youth" but didn't specify how this harm would occur.
Leaders must protect the right of parents and children to have transgender care before they turn 18, the HRC wrote.
"Parents, their kids, and doctors make decisions together, and no medical interventions with permanent consequences happen until a transgender person is old enough to give truly informed consent," the group said.
But it didn't specify how old that would be.
Elsewhere on its website, the HRC cites the World Professional Association of Transgender Health's guidelines on surgery, hormones, and puberty blockers.
Given that the Georgia bill follows these guidelines, it's unclear precisely what the HRC opposes. The Epoch Times contacted the HRC but received no comment.
The HRC also noted that it now faces a tidal wave of legislation against child gender transition, men in women's bathrooms, and limitations in school curricula.
In 2023, legislators have introduced 410 "anti-LGBTQ+" bills in states across the country, the HRC website states. This figure is up from 315 bills in 2022.
However, it noted that these bills have often struggled to pass into law, with a success rate under 10 percent.
"The majority of the discriminatory bills—149 bills—targeted the transgender and non-binary community, with the majority targeting children receiving the brunt of discriminatory legislation," the HRC stated.
The Future of TransgenderismBills such as SB 140 will increasingly affect the United States as more minors are seen identifying as transgender.
Today, about 1.4 percent of children 13 to 17 identify as transgender, UCLA statistics show. Among those 18 to 24, about 1.3 percent say they are transgender.
Testosterone can cost $40 to $100 per month. Estrogen costs $10 to $85 per month.
These ongoing medical costs and resultant complications often marry those who opt for transgender surgery to medical care networks.