Another Year of Net Migration Loss for California, New Data Show

Another Year of Net Migration Loss for California, New Data Show
A man talks on his cell phone while riding on the back of a moving truck in Pacifica, Calif., on Jan. 26, 2016. (Josh Edelson/AFP via Getty Images)
Jamie Joseph
California experienced the largest net domestic outmigration of any state in 2022, with a decrease of 343,230 people, according to a real estate analysis by the National Association of Realtors published on Jan. 30.

However, the Golden State remains the most populous state in the nation with nearly 39 million residents.

Millions of people moved during the COVID-19 pandemic, driven by opportunities for remote work, more space, and affordability, yet the moving rate has decreased over the last six years, according to the analysis.

The association used data from the U.S. Postal Service change-of-address database that shows that 70 percent of ZIP codes experienced fewer inbound moves in 2022 than in 2021. The official census data for 2022 is not yet available.

According to the realtor’s analysis, in 2022, Florida became the fastest-growing state in the U.S. for the first time since 1957, with more people moving in than out, both domestically and internationally. In contrast, California, New York, and Illinois saw the most people moving out of any state, leading to a population dip.

‘Leaving California’

“It is no surprise to me that families are fleeing California,” Florida resident Terry Gilliam, founder of the growing Facebook group of almost 100,000 members “Leaving California” told The Epoch Times. Gilliam moved to Florida almost two years ago and said he could not be happier.

“Just about everything is 25 to 50 percent lower in cost here, including housing,” he said.

According to a 2022 study from the Public Policy Institute of California, it’s expected that “most Californians moving to less expensive states are leaving the areas where housing costs are highest.”

But while some areas such as the Central Coast and the San Joaquin Valley have a somewhat lower rate of loss, “every region is a loser when it comes to net migration out of California.”

The study noted this trend may have accelerated during the pandemic.

The report found the Bay Area and Los Angeles account for 43 percent of the 3.3 million people who have left the state from 2016 to 2020.

Migration Trends

The postal data analyzed by the realtors group highlighted the nation’s population trends, showing that the South continues to be a popular destination.

Additionally, 26 states experienced an influx of people, with more people moving in than out. The states with the most net domestic migration gains in 2022 were Florida with 318,855 people moving in, Texas at 230,961, and the Carolinas—North Carolina at 99,796 and South Carolina at 84,030.

“With most of these fast-growing areas located in the South, this region continues to be the most populous region, with nearly 130 million residents,” the association wrote.

According to the realtors’ group, after the pandemic hit, the Sun Belt region saw a strong job market recovery. In the top 10 large areas with the highest rate of inbound migration, the job market has recovered all the jobs that were lost, and there are around 5 percent more jobs now compared to March 2020.

This recovery has been more than double the national rate. For example, the Deltona metro area has seen a 6 percent increase in jobs since pre-pandemic, and an inbound move rate of nearly 56 percent. On the other hand, big city centers such as New York, San Francisco, and Chicago lost movers. Despite these trends, Los Angeles, San Jose, and Washington metro areas have seen migration gains.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 46 percent of moves in 2021 were for housing-related reasons, a 6-percentage point increase from the previous year.

“Based on the data, this increase was primarily due to people looking for a better neighborhood, cheaper housing, and the desire for a newer/better/larger home,” the report said.

Jamie is a California-based reporter covering issues in Los Angeles and state policies for The Epoch Times. In her free time, she enjoys reading nonfiction and thrillers, going to the beach, studying Christian theology, and writing poetry. You can always find Jamie writing breaking news with a cup of tea in hand.
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