LONDON—Consumer prices in the United Kingdom are rising at their highest rate in over a decade as a result of soaring energy costs and blockages in the supply chain, official figures showed Wednesday, a day before a highly anticipated interest rate decision from the Bank of England.
The Office for National Statistics found that inflation rose by 5.1 percent in the year to November, up dramatically from October’s 4.2 percent with widespread surging prices across a raft of goods and services, including for fuel, energy, cars, clothing, and food.
The increase was more than the 4.8 percent consensus of economists’ forecasts and takes inflation to its highest level since September 2011. Around the world, countries are recording multiyear high levels of inflation. The United States saw its inflation rate spike to 6.8 percent in the year to November, the highest level in nearly 40 years. In the 19 countries that use the euro currency, the rate hit 4.9 percent, the highest since recordkeeping began in 1997.
The latest spike in the U.K. is likely to ramp up pressure on the central bank to raise interest rates Thursday, with inflation running at more than double the bank’s target of 2 percent.
Economists are split as to whether there will be a majority among the bank’s nine-member Monetary Policy Committee to raise the benchmark rate from a record low of 0.1 percent. If it were to do so, it would be the first central bank within the Group of Seven industrial economies to raise borrowing rates since the coronavirus pandemic began nearly two years ago.
Two members backed a rate increase to 0.25 percent at the last meeting in early November, and it would take another three to join. But the recent emergence and spread of the omicron variant of the coronavirus has increased speculation that the panel will wait.
With infections widely anticipated to hit levels not seen before during the pandemic and new restrictions imposed, there are worries over the already muted economic recovery in the U.K.
“Inflation is close to being further above the target than at any point since the U.K. started targeting inflation in October 1992,” said Paul Dales, chief U.K. economist at Capital Economics. “This makes tomorrow’s interest rate decision look closer, but on balance we think the Bank of England is more likely to keep rates at 0.1 percent until it learns more about the omicron situation.”
An interest rate increase, however modest, would increase many loans and mortgages. For households juggling their Christmas budgets, it’s the last thing they need.
By Pan Pylas