Study Finds School Choice Works

By Matthew Vadum
Matthew Vadum
Matthew Vadum
Matthew Vadum is an award-winning investigative journalist and a recognized expert in left-wing activism.
February 20, 2019 Updated: February 20, 2019

School choice advocates are promoting a new study by the liberal Urban Institute that finds private K–12 schools in Florida produce significantly better outcomes for students than public schools, leading to a greater chance of private school students attending and graduating from college.

The study, which looked at the Florida Tax Credit (FTC) scholarship program, showed it generates “absolutely incredible results for low-income children, mostly of color,” said Tommy Schultz, national communications director for the American Federation for Children, America’s largest school choice advocacy organization.

Epoch Times Photo
Tommy Schultz, national communications director for the American Federation for Children, America’s largest school-choice advocacy organization. (Courtesy Tommy Schultz)

“This study confirms it: School choice works,” Schultz told The Epoch Times in an interview.

“When you’re empowering families with the freedom to choose the best educational options for their children, they’re going to find the best education for each of their children that matches their individual learning styles.”

The FTC scholarship program serves 100,000 students with an average family income of $24,000 per year, and 68 percent of the students are black or Latino, according to Schultz’s group. It’s also cost-effective: Scholarship funding represents just 55 percent of the dollar amount of per-pupil spending in the state of Florida.

The study, by Urban Institute analysts Matthew M. Chingos, Tomas Monarrez, and Daniel Kuehn, examined the FTC scholarship program, which gives private school scholarships to as many as 100,000 low-income students each year.

Florida’s program is the largest of its kind in the United States. Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos has praised the Sunshine State’s program, which essentially has been replicated in many other states, as a model for the nation.

“We find that FTC participants are more likely than similar nonparticipants to enroll in both two-year and four-year colleges, including both public and private nonprofit four-year colleges,” the authors wrote.

Students who attend private schools with financial assistance through the FTC scholarship program are as much as 99 percent more likely to enroll in four-year colleges and as much as 56 percent more likely to complete bachelor’s degrees than their public-school counterparts, according to the study.

Compared to their peers in public schools, students “who entered FTC in elementary or middle school were 6 percentage points more likely to enroll in college, a 12 percent increase. Students who entered the program in high school were 10 percentage points more likely to enroll, a 19 percent increase,” the study states.

The education establishment and national teachers’ unions generally oppose school choice and school voucher programs. Favoring school choice makes it much more difficult for Democratic politicians to advance their careers, because taking that stand alienates the party’s left-wing base.

But there is widespread hypocrisy about school choice of the Democratic side of the aisle, Schultz said.

“We find it funny that when you look at the last Democratic administration, the top leaders of the Democratic Party—President Barack Obama, Vice President Joe Biden, and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi—and what they all had in common was they all went to private K–12 schools and yet they oppose giving those options to all American families.”

He adds, “It’s hypocritical when lawmakers benefit from school choice and they want to deny that choice to others.”

The study comes as Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis (R), a champion of school choice, pushes to expand school choice through a newly proposed “equal opportunity” voucher program aimed to eliminate the waiting list—now at 14,000 students—for the scholarships.

DeSantis said Feb. 15 that Florida’s legislature should approve legislation this spring that would create a new program to serve as a “supplement” to the tax credit program, the Orlando Sentinel reports. “We’ll be able to wake up in May and say, ‘Wow, we’re taking big, bold action here in Florida on behalf of our schoolkids.’”

Giving scholarships to those on the waiting list would cost $90 million to $100 million, he said.

DeSantis has focused on education policy since he was sworn in as governor Jan. 8.

On Jan. 31, he ordered the state education commissioner to develop recommendations on how to remove the vestiges of the politically unpopular Common Core standards that remain in the state’s taxpayer-funded school system. Among those remnants is a system of standardized testing that has received broad, bipartisan criticism from state lawmakers and teachers.

Florida Stop Common Core Coalition Executive Director Karen Effrem expressed skepticism about some of the data in the study, and said there is a danger that school choice programs will allow Common Core standards to find their way into private schools.

There is “the threat of the future imposition of ‘accountability’ requirements and other regulations on private schools of the state standardized testing regime, as in Indiana and Louisiana, which would mean the imposition of Common Core standards and their aligned tests. This would result in a choice of venue but not a choice of curriculum.”

Matthew Vadum
Matthew Vadum is an award-winning investigative journalist and a recognized expert in left-wing activism.