Stocks Rally Worldwide Following Stronger Economic Reports

August 4, 2020 Updated: August 4, 2020

NEW YORK—Wall Street is starting August with more gains, as stocks climbed on Aug. 3 following encouraging reports from around the world on the economy.

The S&P 500 tacked 0.7 percent more onto its four-month winning streak, with Big Tech once again leading the way. The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 236.08 points, or 0.9 percent, to 26,664.40, and the gains for tech stocks helped the Nasdaq composite jump almost 1.5 percent.

Many competing currents are pushing the market in different directions, but the coronavirus pandemic and its impact on the economy remain the most forceful.

Reports showed that manufacturing activity strengthened across Europe in July by more than economists expected, which helped to lift markets globally. The gains built higher after a follow-up report showed U.S. manufacturing growth accelerated at a faster pace last month than economists expected. The data added to evidence that the global economy at least temporarily halted its freefall from earlier this year.

Earlier in the day, a private survey showed China’s manufacturing activity also grew at a faster rate in July than expected.

In Washington, meanwhile, slow, grinding negotiations on a huge relief effort for the U.S. economy are set to resume. Both the Trump administration negotiating team and top Capitol Hill Democrats reported progress over the weekend, though differences remain. At least several more days of talks are expected.

The discussions have taken on more urgency because $600 in weekly benefits for laid-off workers from the federal government has expired, just as the number of layoffs ticks up across the country amid a resurgence of coronavirus counts and business restrictions.

The continued spread of the coronavirus is raising worries that the economy could backslide again and snuff out the budding improvements it’s shown. The shakeout from the pandemic took down two more big retailers over the weekend, with Lord & Taylor and the owner of Men’s Wearhouse both filing for bankruptcy protection on Aug. 2.

Big Tech has remained almost immune to such concerns, though, driving higher through the pandemic on expectations that it can continue to grow.

Microsoft jumped 5.6 percent after it confirmed that it’s in talks to buy the U.S. arm of TikTok, the popular Chinese-owned video app that has drawn White House scrutiny. Microsoft said its CEO, Satya Nadella, has talked with President Donald Trump about it, and the tech giant expects the talks with TikTok to end no later than Sept. 15, with or without a deal.

Apple added 2.5 percent, piling more gains onto its 10.5 percent rise on July 31 following a blowout report showing that its profits during the spring easily topped Wall Street’s expectations.

It’s the latest in a cavalcade of companies to report earnings that weren’t quite as bad as analysts were expecting for the spring. With nearly two-thirds of profit reports in for S&P 500 companies, 84 percent have reported stronger results than expected, according to FactSet. If it stays at that level, it would be the highest since FactSet’s records began in 2008.

Of course, those results are still very weak: S&P 500 companies are on track to report a nearly 36 percent drop in earnings per share from a year earlier.

Microsoft and Apple are also the two biggest in the U.S. stock market, which gives their movements huge sway over indexes. The pair alone accounted for the majority of the S&P 500’s morning gain.

Health care stocks were also strong, with Varian Medical surging 21.9 percent for the biggest gain in the S&P 500. Germany-based Siemens Healthineers said it will buy the cancer therapy and research company in a deal worth roughly $16.4 billion.

Germany’s DAX stock index returned 2.8 percent following the strong reports on European manufacturing. France’s CAC 40 rose 2.2 percent, and the FTSE 100 in London gained 2.2 percent.

In Asia, Japan’s Nikkei 225 jumped about 2.2 percent, South Korea’s Kospi edged up 0.1 percent, and the Hang Seng in Hong Kong slipped 0.6 percent. Stocks in Shanghai rose 1.8 percent.

By Stan Choe