TAIPEI, Taiwan—Taiwan’s China-friendly Nationalist Party is likely to lose power to the pro-independence opposition in Saturday’s presidential election, amid concerns that the island’s economy is under threat from China and broad opposition among voters to Beijing’s demands for political unification.
The Democratic Progressive Party’s Tsai Ing-wen appears poised to become the self-governing island’s first female president, returning the main opposition party to power after eight years under Nationalist President Ma Ying-jeou, who is constitutionally barred from running for another term.
The outcome in the contest Saturday for a majority in the 133-seat legislature remains uncertain, with independents and smaller parties posing a threat to both the Nationalists and the DPP.
Candidates spent the day Friday touring their districts in a final appeal to voters on the island of 23 million.
A win for Tsai would introduce new uncertainty in the complicated relationship between Taiwan and mainland China, which claims the island as its own territory and threatens to use force if it declares formal independence.
Tsai has pledged to maintain the status quo of de-facto independence, although she has refused to endorse the principle that Taiwan and China are parts of a single nation to be unified eventually.
Beijing has made that its baseline for continuing negotiations that have produced a series of pacts on trade, transport and exchanges. Observers say China is likely to adopt a wait and see approach to Tsai’s presidency, but might use diplomatic and economy pressure if she is seen as straying too far from its unification agenda.
Tsai’s Nationalist opponent Eric Chu was a late entry to the race after the party ditched its original candidate, Hung Hsiu-chu, whose abrasive style was seen as alienating voters.
China has largely declined to comment on the polls, although its chief official for Taiwan affairs this month warned of potential major challenges in the relationship in the year ahead.
Taiwan was a Japanese colony from 1885 to 1945 and split again from China amid civil war in 1949.