Feminists are often pushing for equality in the workplace, specifically in STEM-related fields. But if equality is so important, why aren’t they advocating for it in every field?
“Not all instances of gender inequality are equally concerning. An emphasis on women’s underrepresentation in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math roles (STEM) has not been matched by a similar concern about men’s underrepresentation in Healthcare, Early Education, and Domestic roles (HEED). The current research investigates whether and why people perceive gender imbalances in male-dominated careers (STEM and leadership) as more problematic than gender imbalances in female-dominated, caregiving careers (HEED). Results from four studies (total N = 754) document a tendency to more strongly support the inclusion of women in male-dominated careers, compared to the inclusion of men in female-dominated careers.”The results of the study were unique and fascinating. Here are a few of the key takeaways:
- “Gender imbalances are perceived differently for male- versus female-dominant careers.”
- There is “stronger support for social change when women (vs. men) are underrepresented.”
- In male-dominated jobs, external barriers are thought to constrain access to females.
- In female-dominated jobs, motivation is thought to be the barrier to men.
- The difference in support for change can be best predicted by “gender distribution, not salary.”
Part of this debate stems from the underlying belief that men make better career choices than women. This is the fundamental idea behind the “women in STEM” push. Few people admit this, but the idea that we need to convince girls or women to go into STEM and be equally represented is based on the idea that, if given the choice without a nudge, women would make the “wrong” choice and not go into STEM.
In other words, people have preconceived notions about which careers should represent men and women equally and why there are imbalances in certain careers, like STEM. This causes society to care more about women being under-represented in STEM than men being under-represented in female-dominant fields.
The results raise a question: Why aren’t we worried about men’s underperformance in school relative to women? They do significantly poorer in language fields, graduate at lower rates than women, and attend both undergraduate and graduate programs less often than women. They also shy away from early education, health care, and domestic careers like nannying. Where’s the outcry?
However, as this happened, the goalposts kept moving: It was not enough that girls started getting better grades and graduating at higher rates; their jobs weren’t high-profile enough or their salaries didn’t match. Feminists concluded they had more work to do, and they weren’t entirely off-base.
Women weren’t in high-level positions only because of their life choices, but also partly because the people in those positions were usually men. Men liked having other men in those positions because of an ingrained tendency to think that women weren’t interested or willing to make the commitment those jobs entail. In essence, some sexism perpetuated, but it was based on existing stereotypes.
All this was occurring against the unconscious idea that women make sub-optimal choices when they leave work to raise children or decide to do caregiver jobs they find fulfilling instead of taking over the boardroom. Society, particularly feminists, deemed that more, earlier intervention was needed to change women’s ideas of what they want. However, the issue has now jumped the shark, as the saying goes.
This study seems to suggest that the way society views this zero-sum game is that as long as any imbalance exists between men and women in “optimal” outcomes, then we don’t even need to look at where men are when it comes to certain fields or salaries because of the prevailing belief they occupy the high ground. This does both men and women a disservice. Equality for equity’s sake is a kind of faux equity sure to backfire.
Some forms of sexism in the workplace need to be eradicated—especially if skills and effort among men and women are equal. However, this new study reveals if gender parity were the real goal, society would also focus on careers that are female-dominated and lower-paying instead of simply careers that are male-dominated and higher-paying.
Instead, the real goal is to quash some women’s natural desires to remain in fields they are drawn to, or even to remain focused on child-rearing, in the hopes she will eventually choose a “better” field and thus balance out the inequality. This is happening to the detriment of women and men—and it needs to stop.