New Totalitarianism Led by ‘Dull Bureaucrats and Technocrats’: Psychologist Mattias Desmet

People must not let fear stop them from dissent against irrational policies
By Jan Jekielek
Jan Jekielek
Jan Jekielek
Senior Editor
Jan Jekielek is a senior editor with The Epoch Times and host of the show, "American Thought Leaders." Jan’s career has spanned academia, media, and international human rights work. In 2009 he joined The Epoch Times full time and has served in a variety of roles, including as website chief editor. He is the producer of the award-winning Holocaust documentary film "Finding Manny."
and Masooma Haq
Masooma Haq
Masooma Haq
Masooma Haq began reporting for The Epoch Times from Pakistan in 2008. She currently covers a variety of topics including U.S. government, culture, and entertainment.
September 15, 2022 Updated: September 15, 2022

Professor of clinical psychology at Ghent University Mattias Desmet is the world’s leading expert in the phenomenon known as “mass formation,” which is a type of hypnotic state that occurs when people are isolated from one another and free-floating anxiety is prevalent, as in during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Desmet believes the world is now seeing a new form of totalitarianism, spawned in the last couple of decades and fostered by mass formation during the pandemic.

“What you’re dealing with now is not a communist or not fascist authoritarianism. It is the emergence, I think, of technocratic totalitarianism,” Desmet said during a recent interview for EpochTV’s “American Thought Leaders” program. This new form of control will not be “led by gang leaders such as Stalin or Hitler, but by dull bureaucrats and technocrats,” added Desmet, citing the work of 20th century political philosopher Hannah Arendt.

This type of totalitarian technocracy believes the answer to the anxiety in society is more control. A “technocracy is a system led by technical experts and not by democratically elected politicians,” said Desmet.

The Origins of Technocracy

“What we see now during the last decades is the emergence of a technocratic ideology, the belief that the problems of society, the belief that the objects of fear and anxiety in a society—such as terrorism, or climate change, or the Coronavirus—that they should be controlled, or that we should fight these objects of anxiety by controlling them in a technological way,” he said.

As in the case of the pandemic, those in power thought it best that those with technical knowledge about viruses should decide policies, not democratically elected politicians, said Desmet.

“I believe that the technocratic system is the ultimate consequence of this rationalist ideology that emerged since the beginning of the tradition of enlightenment,” he added.

There are limits to this rationalist view of understanding life, and Desmet believes people must focus on ethical principles or the principles of humanity to create a harmonious and free society.

“If you follow rational understanding, and you’re not humble and honest enough to admit that at a certain moment, there is a limit that your rational understanding, that your rational mind will never be able to grasp the essence or the phenomenon that you’re studying, you lapse into complete radical, absurd irrationality,” said Desmet.

Mass Formation, Mass Media, Technocracy

This type of state control is “a desperate attempt to erase uncertainty from human existence, and to impose one state certainty, one shared certainty to every individual life,” said Desmet.

In addition, mass media plays a major role in solidifying this mass formation and thereby state control.

“This mass formation usually starts with a narrative that is being distributed through the mass media, indicating an object of anxiety, and at the same time providing a strategy to deal with the object of anxiety. What happens then, all this free-floating anxiety in the population suddenly connects to this object of anxiety provided in a narrative,” said Desmet.

And people are willing to go along with the irrational, faulty strategy, proposed by the authorities, he added.

When the general public doesn’t know why it feels anxious, frustrated, and aggressive, that is the perfect environment for mass formation, said Desmet.

Epoch Times Photo
Communist Party cadres hang a placard on the neck of a Chinese man during the Cultural Revolution in 1966. The words on the placard states the man’s name and accuse him of being a member of the “black class.” (Public Domain)

“The root cause of the mass formation—which was always loneliness, the disconnectedness that existed before the mass formation started—seems to be solved. People seem to feel connected again. I say ‘seem,’ because they are not really connected again,” said Desmet.

People do not connect to each other but to the “collective ideal,” Desmet said. “All the psychological energy, all the love, you could say, between individuals is extracted from the individual social bonds and injected in the bonds between the individuals and the collective.”

At the end stage of mass formation, people are in a paranoid state where they “snitch” on their neighbors and colleagues for not following the rules and blindly go along with irrational policies, as in the case of the COVID lockdowns, he said.

These policies are reinforced by mass media and people go along with them “because it gives them a sense of control, they have the feeling that they know now what they were anxious for, and that they can control their anxiety by participating in the strategy to deal with the object of anxiety. For instance, lockdown to deal with the virus,” said Desmet.

“In a mass formation, people seem to choose to deal with uncertainty by just accepting everything the group believes in, they believe altogether, and the same dogmatic ideas and the same narratives that shouldn’t be questioned anymore,” said Desmet.

The isolation and dependency on technology can reinfuse people with the propaganda, causing the hypnosis to last a long time, said Desmet.

“With the emergence of the mass media, that mass formation can last for a long time because people can be constantly, time and time again, be reinfused by this same propaganda, the same narratives,” said Desmet.

Like all totalitarian control, technocracy does not tolerate dissent, he said.

“It is as if all the uncertainty disappears under a collective narrative, that should not be questioned anymore, and that leads to this famous intolerance for dissident voices,” said Desmet. “To what extent this totalitarianism will succeed in destroying everyone who doesn’t want to go along with it, that will depend on what those people do, who are not in the grip” of this mass formation.

Unhypnotized People Must Speak Up

Those who were not “hypnotized by the narrative” could see that many of the COVID-19 measures were “fundamentally and intrinsically irrational,” said Desmet.

The people who criticized these irrational policies and mandates and dissented were censored and in some cases punished, which is a hallmark of totalitarianism. In addition, totalitarianism requires “that society should be led on the basis of indoctrination, propaganda,” instead of “truth speech,” which is something a person genuinely believes and tries to share with others, said Desmet.

Epoch Times Photo
Polish prisoners in striped uniforms stand in rows before Nazi officers at the Buchenwald Concentration Camp in Weimar, Germany, circa 1943. (Frederic Lewis/Getty Images)

“From the First World War onwards, we’ve seen the emergence of an impressive propaganda machinery in the Western world through which a population was constantly manipulated without them knowing it,” said Desmet.

The remedy for this mass formation and to prevent atrocities from occurring is to speak out, he said.

“If you want to disturb the mass formation, then you have to speak out,” said Desmet. “The ancient Greeks called this parrhesia, like a kind of bold, courageous speech, practiced by individuals who refuse to go along with the narratives of a group or dominant narrative.”

Desmet urges all people to find the courage to speak out against irrational, totalitarian policies, not to convince anyone but to exercise their “inalienable rights.”

Jan Jekielek
Senior Editor
Jan Jekielek is a senior editor with The Epoch Times and host of the show, "American Thought Leaders." Jan’s career has spanned academia, media, and international human rights work. In 2009 he joined The Epoch Times full time and has served in a variety of roles, including as website chief editor. He is the producer of the award-winning Holocaust documentary film "Finding Manny."
Masooma Haq
Masooma Haq began reporting for The Epoch Times from Pakistan in 2008. She currently covers a variety of topics including U.S. government, culture, and entertainment.