The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is deploying political warfare to covertly influence free societies around the world, a top State Department official has warned.
The regime “wants control, or at least veto power, over public discourse and political decisions the world over,” said David Stilwell, assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific affairs, at a virtual discussion hosted by Stanford’s Hoover Institution on Oct. 30.
It accomplishes that through a wide array of malign activities that are “covert, coercive, and corrupting,” he said. These activities are dubbed by the CCP as “United Front Work” but better understood in the West as political warfare, Stilwell said.
United Front Work, described by Party leaders as a “magic weapon,” involves the efforts of thousands of overseas groups that carry out political influence operations, suppress dissident movements, gather intelligence, and facilitate the transfer of technology to China. These groups are coordinated by the Party agency the United Front Work Department (UFWD).
While some United Front organizations publicly state their affiliation with Beijing, “most try to present themselves as independent, grassroots-type NGOs, cultural-exchange forums, ‘friendship’ associations, chambers of commerce, media outlets, or academic groups,” Stilwell said.
A recent investigation by Newsweek found about 600 such groups in the United States. Stilwell said the groups include Beijing-backed Confucius Institutes that sit on dozens of American college campuses, Chinese students and scholars associations, private Chinese companies, and other groups working to co-opt state and local governments.
“All told, we face a large and deliberately opaque amalgam of Chinese Communist Party officials, agents, and cutouts seeking advantage in our societies,” he said.
This year, the Trump administration has designated a range of CCP-controlled bodies as foreign missions of China in recognition of their roles doing Beijing’s bidding in the United States. Most recently, the State Department designated a United Front group, the National Association for China’s Peaceful Unification, as a foreign mission. The Confucius Institute U.S. Center and 15 state-controlled media outlets have also been designated.
The Justice Department, meanwhile, has also cracked down on a range of malign actions sanctioned by the CCP, from intellectual property theft to spying. In September, an NYPD officer named Baimadajie Angwang was arrested, and accused of spying for the regime. Prosecutors alleged Angwang fed intelligence about the local Tibetan community to his handler at the Chinese consulate who was assigned to the UFWD division called the China Association for Preservation and Development of Tibetan Culture.
Stilwell said seeking reciprocity is a “fundamental step” to “protect our own societies from being transformed by Beijing.”
“We allowed the Chinese Communist Party access to our society that it never extended to us,” he said, including in the areas of diplomacy, education, trade, investment, and science and technology.
The official implored other countries to follow the United States’ actions “to insist on reciprocity, transparency, and accountability from the Chinese Communist Party.”
“The Chinese Communist Party poses a real risk to our basic way of life—prosperity, security, and liberty all. Our task is to recognize it, alert others, and together take the steps needed to defend our freedoms,” he said.