ST. JOHN’S, N.L.—The Newfoundland and Labrador Liberals under leader Andrew Furey have been re−elected with a slim majority after a campaign that dragged on for 10 weeks because of the pandemic.
Results released Saturday by Elections NL gave the Liberals 22 of the province’s 40 seats, followed by the Progressive Conservatives, led by Ches Crosbie, with 13 seats. The NDP, led by Alison Coffin, will hold two seats alongside three elected Independents.
Furey comfortably won his riding of Humber−Gros Morne, but both Crosbie and Coffin were defeated in their St. John’s ridings.
In a speech immediately after the results were announced, Coffin said the chaotic election, which was shifted to mail−in ballots because of a COVID−19 outbreak, provided a “resounding lesson” in democracy.
“It’s a dark day in our history telling us we must do better,” she said. “Our candidates have overcome astounding adversity. Our democratic sensibilities have been assailed. Amid a pandemic and a Newfoundland and Labrador winter, we have the lowest voter turnout ever.” Elections officials had said before the results that even if all ballots were returned, turnout was expected to be less than 50 per cent.
Furey did not address concerns about the vote in a speech to supporters at a small, socially distanced event in a St. John’s hotel. He said the province’s voters had given the Liberals “a clear majority mandate,” and he promised bold but unspecified change.
“Our dire economic outlook was further burdened by the pandemic, and it took a massive toll, but it has also exposed an even bigger opportunity, a chance to make a tectonic shift in who we are and where we’re going as a province,” he said.
Crosbie, who after his party’s narrow 2019 defeat initially refused to concede victory to the Liberals, offered a more measured response Saturday.
“An election can produce only one government,” Crosbie said in a brief, recorded message. “The people’s right to choose is absolute. That is what democracy means, and I am democracy’s most vigorous advocate. Today, I state unequivocally that I respect the will of the people.”
In mid−January, with COVID−19 case counts low, Furey called the election for Feb. 13, but an outbreak just before the vote prompted officials to cancel in−person voting. The Liberals had a minority government heading into the election, with 19 seats at dissolution compared to 15 for the Progressive Conservatives, three New Democrats and three Independents.
The province is facing staggering financial challenges, though they largely took a back seat to the drama of a spiralling election that was upended by COVID−19.
With a $16.4−billion net debt, Newfoundland and Labrador has the highest net−debt−to−GDP ratio in the country, and its latest budget forecasts a $1.84−billion deficit.
But even before the election was thrown off course, Furey, an orthopedic surgeon who replaced Dwight Ball as leader last August, steered his campaign away from the dire financial outlook. Instead, he released a series of low−stakes promises, beginning with a pledge to increase community garden grants from $500 to $750.
Crosbie, on the other hand, was unabashed about bringing up the province’s proximity to bankruptcy. During a televised leaders debate on Feb. 3, Furey accused Crosbie of being defeatist by even using the term and said the Tory leader was “campaigning to be the last premier of Newfoundland and Labrador.” Crosbie shot back and said he was a straight shooter.
Less than a week later, the COVID−19 outbreak began in the St. John’s region. On Feb. 11, chief electoral officer Bruce Chaulk shut down in−person voting in 18 of the province’s 40 ridings as elections staff resigned over fears of contracting the virus.
The next night, public health officials put the province in lockdown, and Chaulk called off voting in the rest of the province. Ballots would instead be cast by mail, he said, and voters had to request them from Elections NL.
After several extensions and controversies, the final deadline to receive ballots was Thursday at 4 p.m. Chaulk drew fire after admitting he personally delivered ballots to some candidates in his neighbourhood, and this week Elections NL said Chaulk let four people vote by phone, even though he’d previously said phone voting was illegal.
Amanda Bittner, a political science professor at Memorial University in St. John’s, said the election was remarkable for uniting the Progressive Conservatives and NDP — they both agreed the vote was a mess. The prolonged campaign, which is now one of the longest in modern Canadian history, could have been an opportunity to get more people engaged, she said in an interview before results were released, pointing to the 78−day federal election in 2015 that saw a jump in voter turnout.
Instead, she said, “we have depressed turnout, disenfranchised tons of voters, and privileged other voters. And all at the whim of the chief electoral officer, which is absolutely not the way democracy is supposed to be.”
Newfoundland and Labrador was the fourth province to hold an election during the COVID−19 pandemic, following New Brunswick, British Columbia and Saskatchewan. Yukon Liberal Leader and incumbent Premier Sandy Silver called a territorial election earlier this month.
By Sarah Smellie