Lawsuit Seeks Visiting Rights to NY Potter’s Field

December 3, 2014 Updated: December 3, 2014

NEW YORK—A federal lawsuit Wednesday demanded public access to a small uninhabited island off New York City where the remains of about a million people who were poor or unknown are buried.

The lawsuit claimed Hart Island, a part of the Bronx, is run like a prison by New York City’s Department of Correction, which uses prisoners sometimes to bury the indigent and bodies that go unclaimed. It said relatives are unable to visit gravesites to mourn, pray, and be in the presence of loved ones.

The lawsuit was filed in Manhattan by the New York Civil Liberties Union on behalf of relatives of those buried on the mile-long and quarter-mile-wide island. With three named plaintiffs, it seeks class-action status and claims constitutional rights were violated.

“To run the burial grounds of the city’s poor as a prison compound and to bar family members from visiting the gravesites of their loved ones is disgraceful and heartless,” said Christopher Dunn, the NYCLU’s associate legal director.

“Through this lawsuit, we expect to make Hart Island into the sacred and open place it should be.”

A spokeswoman for the city law office did not immediately comment.

The identities of some of the bodies in the potter’s field are known, but their families are too poor to have them buried elsewhere. The suit described the island’s cemetery as the largest indigent burial ground in the United States, one of the nation’s largest cemeteries and the largest taxpayer-funded cemetery in the world.

It said the city’s policy barring gravesite visitation clashed with long-running traditions in the United States and the world of letting family members honor the dead as they see fit. The suit said the policy also violated the right to free exercise of religion.

The lawsuit acknowledged that the city describes Hart Island as open to the public, but the Department of Correction makes it almost impossible to make it onto a ferry that infrequently travels there.
“And for those able to navigate the department’s process and get to the island, they are not allowed to go beyond a small area near the dock from which there is no view of the burial grounds,” the lawsuit said.

From The Associated Press