Lawsuit Alleges USPS Rule Barring ‘Any Depiction’ of Religious Content on Stamps Violates First Amendment

By Janita Kan
Janita Kan
Janita Kan
Janita Kan is a reporter based in New York covering the Justice Department, courts, and First Amendment.
December 19, 2019Updated: December 19, 2019

A graphics designer has filed a lawsuit against the United States Postal Service (USPS) alleging that the federal agency had violated the First Amendment when it barred “any depiction” of religious content on personalized stamps.

Susan Fletcher, a graphic designer from Plano, Texas, filed a lawsuit against the agency at the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas, claiming that a USPS regulation preventing her from personalizing stamps with religious text and images is unconstitutional.

The regulation in question states that any customized postage product must meet criteria established by the postal service. Part of its criteria is that the images or text of the designs must not contain “any depiction of political, religious, violent, or sexual content.” The rule stipulated that such content was “unsuitable for all-ages audiences.”

Fletcher wanted to create personalized postage stamps that reflected her religious beliefs to send to friends and family during the different holidays, according to the complaint (pdf).

USPS provides customized stamps through authorized third-party providers such as, a website that Fletcher was using to create her design.

The designs Fletcher had hoped to create included a Christmas nativity scene recalling the birth of Christ with the text “Emmanuel, God with us,” the phrase “God Bless Texas” to celebrate Texas Independence Day, and a depiction of the empty cross of Christ with the phrase “I am with you always” to celebrate Easter.

Her attorneys from the religious rights law firm First Liberty Institute and Winston & Strawn argued that the categorical exclusion of religious content was a form of viewpoint discrimination that violated the First Amendment’s free speech clause. It also argued that the regulation violated the Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993 and had burdened her right to exercise her religion under the First Amendment.

“Personalized postage stamps do not violate the First Amendment just because they reference religion,” Chad Walker, partner with Winston & Strawn and First Liberty network attorney said in a statement. “Government regulations prohibiting religious speech by Americans offend the First Amendment.”

The Supreme Court held in two cases in the 1990s that viewpoint discrimination, where a viewpoint or opinion given treatment unlike treatment afford to other viewpoints, can occur when the government treats religious speakers less favorably than non-religious speakers.

In one of the cases, Lamb’s Chapel v. Center Moriches Union Free School District, the top court’s justices unanimously found that the Center Moriches Union Free School District had violated the First Amendment’s free speech clause when it refused Lamb’s Chapels request to use its facility to show movies that were religiously oriented.

“[I]t discriminates on the basis of viewpoint by permitting school property to be used for the presentation of all views about family issues and childrearing except those dealing with the subject from a religious standpoint,” the court held.

Fletcher is asking the court to declare the USPS regulation unconstitutional, block the enforcement of the regulation, and order USPS to allow to print Fletcher’s designs.

“I just want to express my faith in everything I do, at Christmas and all throughout the year. I am truly saddened that the country I love would keep me from expressing the most important message I could share with others: my faith,” Fletcher said in a statement.

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