TOKYO—Japanese authorities said they rescued all of about 60 North Korean fishermen whose boat collided with a Japanese patrol vessel and sank on Oct. 7 in an area crowded with poachers.
Coast guard officials earlier said that about 20 North Korean crew members were thrown into the sea after their steel boat collided with a Japanese Fisheries Agency inspection boat in Japan’s exclusive economic zone off the country’s northern coast.
Officials later said they rescued far more than first thought. No one was missing.
The North Korean boat sank about half an hour after the collision in the Yamatotai area, known as rich grounds for squid fishing northwest of the Noto Peninsula.
The boat had made an unauthorized entry into Japan’s exclusive economic zone, and the collision occurred just as the Japanese patrol boat was warning it to move out, Fisheries Agency official Satoshi Kuwahara told reporters. He said officials were investigating whether the North Korean ship was actually conducting illegal fishing, and how the two ships collided.
Agricultural, Forestry, and Fisheries Minister Taku Eto said the North Korean boat suddenly changed course before crashing into the Japanese ship and sinking, Kyodo News agency reported.
The coast guard’s regional office in Niigata said officials handed the fishermen to another North Korean boat in the area after notifying North Korea’s rescue coordination center to arrange their way home. It said the North Korean crewmembers had no life-threatening conditions.
Fisheries Agency officials said the Japanese patrol ship had no major damage and was able to move on its own.
Japan and North Korea have no diplomatic ties.
The two countries also have disputes over Japan’s 1910–1945 colonial rule of the Korean Peninsula, as well as North Korea’s nuclear and missile development and its abduction of Japanese citizens in the 1970s and 1980s.
During Oct. 7’s parliamentary session, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe pledged to thoroughly investigate the incident.
“We will resolutely respond to prevent poaching by foreign fishing boats in the Japanese exclusive economic zone,” he said.
Japan has stepped up patrols in the area in recent years as North Korean squid poaching has surged. This year, ships from Japan’s Fisheries Agency and coast guard have been patrolling in the area since May, Kuwahara said.
Experts say the increase in North Korean squid poaching is due to the country’s campaign to boost fish harvests. With Russia also stepping up its patrols against poaching, desperate North Korean fishermen under pressure to meet their quota have opted to head to Japanese economic waters, increasing the risk of clashes with Japanese patrol boats, Satoru Miyamoto, a Seigakuin University professor and expert on North Korean politics, diplomacy, and military issues, told Japan’s NHK public television.
Japanese fisheries patrols have issued nearly 500 expulsion orders to poachers between May and August, most of them from North Korea, according to the Fisheries Agency. It said Japan in 2018 made 5,315 such orders to foreign fishing boats in the area, many of them North Korean. Poachers also come from China, Russia, and South Korea.
In June, Japan’s coast guard pushed more than 300 North Korean boats back in the same waters where Oct. 7’s incident occurred. Japan also said an armed North Korean fishing boat aimed a gun at and threatened a Japanese patrol ship in August.
The North Korean poachers are believed to be related to an influx of “ghost boats” that have washed onto Japan’s northern coast, fisheries officials have said.
By Mari Yamaguchi