WASHINGTON—President Donald Trump hosted Italy’s new Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte at the White House on July 30. Both leaders announced a new strategic dialogue on a number of issues including immigration, commerce, and combating terrorism.
Both leaders have been notably complimentary to each other since the Group of Seven (G-7) summit in Canada in June.
“We had a very good G-7 meeting, where Giuseppe and I became friends,” said Trump during a joint press conference at the White House. “I think we were probably more closely aligned than anybody else in the room,” he said referring to the summit where trade tensions took center stage between Trump and other European leaders.
Conte, in response, endorsed Trump’s stances on trade, NATO, and Russia.
“You have a president who is a strong supporter and advocate of the interests of the American people and the American country,” Conte said. “He’s a great negotiator.”
During their meeting at the White House, Trump and Conte expressed alignment on immigration issues, as Trump supported Conte’s hardline immigration stance.
Illegal immigration became a pivotal issue in the Italian election held in March this year. Italy, as a first port of call for those arriving by boat, has become a focal point of Europe’s wider immigration challenge. And the new Italian government’s decision to bar the immigrants underlined the deep divisions in Europe over how to handle an influx of people mostly from the Middle East and Africa.
“Like the United States, Italy is currently under enormous strain as a result of illegal immigration,” said Trump. “They have fought it hard. The Prime Minister frankly is with us today because of illegal immigration. Italy got tired of it.”
Conte said, “My government and Trump administration represent change. They were elected in order to change the status quo and to improve their citizens’ living conditions.”
During the meeting, Trump reiterated his threat to shut down the government, calling the U.S. immigration law, the “worst” in the world.
“I would have no problem doing a shutdown. It’s time we had proper border security”
US–EU Trade Agreement
Following the trade agreement between the United States and the European Union signed on July 25, Trump said “now is also the perfect time to expand commerce between the United States and Italy.”
Conte applauded the recent trade agreement between Trump and European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker. The United States and the EU agreed on July 25 to work together to eliminate tariffs and other trade barriers on all industrial goods other than cars. The Trump administration agreed to put on hold any new tariffs, while the EU pledged to increase imports of American soybeans and liquefied natural gas (LNG).
Both parties will also cooperate against unfair Chinese trade practices and work on reforming the World Trade Organization (WTO).
“It’s a years-old system,” said Conte, referring to WTO, calling it “not well-functioning” and “not well-rational” organization.
Trump said Italy and the United States also agreed to combat “unfair foreign trade practices from non-market economies,” referring mainly to China.
“They’re brutal, but we’re winning,” Trump said.
On Russia and Iran
Conte said their position regarding Russia has not changed and they are still open to dialogue.
“We do believe that Russia plays a fundamental role in all international geopolitical crises,” Conte explained.
In June, both Trump and Conte called on the G-7 leaders to reinstate Russia as a member. Trump said it would be an asset to have Russia back in the group.
“We’re looking for peace in the world. We’re not looking to play games,” Trump told reporters in June.
Conte was the only G-7 leader who quickly backed Trump’s statement, responding to Trump’s proposal with a tweet: “I agree with President @realDonaldTrump: Russia should re-enter the G8. It’s in everyone’s interests.”
Russia was suspended from what was then the G-8 after the annexation of Crimea in 2014.
“Italy is favorable to a dialogue with Russia,” Conte said, adding, “Italy also considers that the dialogue between the United States and Russia is fundamental so that we can have positive results in a more global perspective for stability and security purposes.”
Conte has also supported Trump’s stance on Iran and NATO.
Both leaders agreed on dismantling Iran’s nuclear weapons and encouraging other countries to press Iran to end its “malign activities,” said Trump.
With respect to NATO, Trump said the alliance was “essentially going out of business” before he demanded change.
Trump has repeatedly asked NATO allies to increase their contributions and meet their commitment to spend 2 percent of their gross domestic product for the defense alliance. Although Rome is struggling with its own finances, Conte said he backed Trump’s efforts.
Conte said allies “need to rebalance the expenditure, which is borne traditionally by the United States, which is very disproportionate.”
As a result of the pressure, Trump said, NATO members paid $44 billion more last year.
“And this year, I said it in a little bit stronger tone, and they’re paying hundreds of billions of dollars more over the years,” Trump said. “If you speak to [NATO] Secretary-General [Jens] Stoltenberg, I think he’s the biggest fan of Trump.”