Issues Raised in the 2014 State of the Union

January 29, 2014 Updated: January 29, 2014

WASHINGTON—Income inequality, college costs, employment, immigration reform, retirement savings, and persuading uninsured young people to buy health insurance are key issues President Barack Obama hopes to tackle in his second term.

For Foreign Affairs, Afghanistan, Syria, and Iran loom large, but the 2014 State of the Union speech is focused on domestic matters.


The White House released a January report that detailed commitments from colleges, state education systems, organizations, and business on how they will expand college opportunities and reduce college costs. The commitments include summer programs designed to attract low-income students, support on campus, scholarships, and more flexible adult education.

Minimum Wage

Raising the federal minimum wage has the potential to attract supporters from both parties. According to the Economic Policy Institute, the declining value of the federal minimum wage is a major factor driving inequality.

For now, Obama is using Tuesday night’s State of the Union address to announce executive actions to raise the minimum wage for new federal contracts, help the long-term unemployed find work, and expand job-training programs.

A Resistant Legislative Branch

Obama’s go-it-alone strategy, with modest steps for now, is aimed at prodding a divided Congress to take additional action to boost economic opportunity for millions of Americans. There’s little indication lawmakers are ready to follow along, particularly as the nation barrels toward the midterm elections.

“Congress is slow to action, and we’re not going to wait for that,” White House chief of staff Denis McDonough said in an interview on “CBS This Morning.”

Do It Alone

Some Republicans have warned that the president’s focus on executive orders could backfire by angering GOP leaders who already don’t trust the White House.

“The more he tries to do it alone and do confrontation, the less he’s going to be able to get cooperation,” said John Feehery, a former top House Republican aide.


Yet much of what the president can do on his own is limited, as evidenced by the minimum wage proposal officials previewed ahead of Tuesday’s prime-time address. The executive order will increase the minimum hourly payment for new federal contract workers from $7.25 to $10.10. But because the measure affects only future contracts, its immediate impact will be minimal.

“The question is how many people, Mr. President, will this executive action actually help?” asked House Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio). “I suspect the answer is somewhere close to zero.”

The Associated Press contributed to this report.