The Indonesian government is pressing forward with plans to clear 14 million hectares of forest between 2010 and 2020 despite a commitment to curb greenhouse gas emissions, reports The Jakarta Post.
In an interview Tuesday, Hadi Daryanto, secretary-general of Indonesia’s Ministry of Forestry, said the government aims to convert 14 million hectares of “degraded” forest for plantations, energy production, and infrastructure. Forest will be carefully selected for conversion, according to Hadi.
“Deforestation is inevitable [for development], but we will allocate the land for better use,” Hadi told The Jakarta Post. “We will provide the forested land information on our website and we will invite people to monitor the process by using the satellite imagery to supervise the land.”
From the published excerpts, it wasn’t clear what criteria the government would use for choosing what areas to grant for conversion or how much forest has been sanctioned for clearing since 2010.
Indonesia recently surpassed Brazil as the world’s top deforesting tropical nation, according to a Nature Climate Change study published in June by Belinda Margono and colleagues of the University of Maryland and other institutions. That research indicated that deforestation has been rising across the archipelago since 2000. Most deforestation in recent years in Indonesia has been driven by conversion of forests for oil palm and industrial timber plantations.
The Nature Climate Change data runs through late 2012, accounting for nearly two years of Indonesia’s 2011 moratorium on new permits in 14 million hectares of primary forests and peatlands. It suggests that the moratorium’s limited scope — it doesn’t apply to concessions granted prior to May 2011 and grants large exemptions for mining and energy crops — may be limiting its effectiveness in reducing emissions from land use change.
Indonesia’s Ministry of Forestry earlier this year announced a target level of 816 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions per year. The agency says the number is based on average emissions level for the 2000-2006 period. But forest loss data from the Ministry of Forestry differs wildly from other sources’ estimates of forest loss. For example, the Ministry of Forestry asserts that deforestation has declined sharply over the past decade, while the Nature Climate Change shows the opposite.