Feminists are often pushing for equality in the workplace, specifically in STEM-related fields. But if equality is so important, why aren’t they advocating for it in every field?
A recent study published in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology titled, “Do people care if men don’t care about caring? The asymmetry in support for changing gender roles,” examined this very question.
A portion of the study’s abstract reads:
“Not all instances of gender inequality are equally concerning. An emphasis on women’s underrepresentation in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math roles (STEM) has not been matched by a similar concern about men’s underrepresentation in Healthcare, Early Education, and Domestic roles (HEED). The current research investigates whether and why people perceive gender imbalances in male-dominated careers (STEM and leadership) as more problematic than gender imbalances in female-dominated, caregiving careers (HEED). Results from four studies (total N = 754) document a tendency to more strongly support the inclusion of women in male-dominated careers, compared to the inclusion of men in female-dominated careers.”
The results of the study were unique and fascinating. Here are a few of the key takeaways:
- “Gender imbalances are perceived differently for male- versus female-dominant careers.”
- There is “stronger support for social change when women (vs. men) are underrepresented.”
- In male-dominated jobs, external barriers are thought to constrain access to females.
- In female-dominated jobs, motivation is thought to be the barrier to men.
- The difference in support for change can be best predicted by “gender distribution, not salary.”
In sum, if women are underrepresented in a higher-paying field like STEM, it must be someone’s fault, so people are really passionate about changing this. Conversely, even though there are fewer men in non-STEM fields (such as education and health care), that kind of gender inequality is of no concern to society.
Part of this debate stems from the underlying belief that men make better career choices than women. This is the fundamental idea behind the “women in STEM” push. Few people admit this, but the idea that we need to convince girls or women to go into STEM and be equally represented is based on the idea that, if given the choice without a nudge, women would make the “wrong” choice and not go into STEM.
Now, the counter-argument will be “women don’t go into STEM because it’s male-dominated,” which I will concede has some truth to it. It’s much harder to go into a workplace where upwards of 90 percent of colleagues are the opposite gender. But there’s still the fundamental underlying belief that STEM fields are better than non-STEM fields. This study seems to shows that this belief is prevalent.
In fact, the study concludes, “This asymmetry in support for social action towards change is predicted by beliefs about what the ideal gender representation should be and the perceived causes of gender imbalances in each career type.”
In other words, people have preconceived notions about which careers should represent men and women equally and why there are imbalances in certain careers, like STEM. This causes society to care more about women being under-represented in STEM than men being under-represented in female-dominant fields.
The results raise a question: Why aren’t we worried about men’s underperformance in school relative to women? They do significantly poorer in language fields, graduate at lower rates than women, and attend both undergraduate and graduate programs less often than women. They also shy away from early education, health care, and domestic careers like nannying. Where’s the outcry?
In the beginning, there was a disparity in gender parity almost exclusively and obviously affecting women. Women’s education was being neglected in favor of men’s because women didn’t need a great job—they would be homemakers and their husbands would provide. Slowly gender parity for women in the workplace began to change.
However, as this happened, the goalposts kept moving: It was not enough that girls started getting better grades and graduating at higher rates; their jobs weren’t high-profile enough or their salaries didn’t match. Feminists concluded they had more work to do, and they weren’t entirely off-base.
Women weren’t in high-level positions only because of their life choices, but also partly because the people in those positions were usually men. Men liked having other men in those positions because of an ingrained tendency to think that women weren’t interested or willing to make the commitment those jobs entail. In essence, some sexism perpetuated, but it was based on existing stereotypes.
All this was occurring against the unconscious idea that women make sub-optimal choices when they leave work to raise children or decide to do caregiver jobs they find fulfilling instead of taking over the boardroom. Society, particularly feminists, deemed that more, earlier intervention was needed to change women’s ideas of what they want. However, the issue has now jumped the shark, as the saying goes.
This study seems to suggest that the way society views this zero-sum game is that as long as any imbalance exists between men and women in “optimal” outcomes, then we don’t even need to look at where men are when it comes to certain fields or salaries because of the prevailing belief they occupy the high ground. This does both men and women a disservice. Equality for equity’s sake is a kind of faux equity sure to backfire.
Some forms of sexism in the workplace need to be eradicated—especially if skills and effort among men and women are equal. However, this new study reveals if gender parity were the real goal, society would also focus on careers that are female-dominated and lower-paying instead of simply careers that are male-dominated and higher-paying.
Instead, the real goal is to quash some women’s natural desires to remain in fields they are drawn to, or even to remain focused on child-rearing, in the hopes she will eventually choose a “better” field and thus balance out the inequality. This is happening to the detriment of women and men—and it needs to stop.
Nicole Russell is a freelance writer and mother of four. Her work has appeared in The Atlantic, The New York Times, Politico, The Daily Beast, and The Federalist. Follow her on Twitter @russell_nm.
Views expressed in this article are the opinions of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Epoch Times.