NEW YORK—The recent slower pace of job creation likely takes an interest rate hike off the table when Federal Reserve policymakers meet in October but a move is still in play for December.
In August and September, payroll gains averaged only 139,000. But that likely had much to do with a recent surge in worker productivity. Job gains have softened several times during the recovery only to rebound, and the long-term prospects for economic growth remain strong.
Consumer activity appears quite robust. Third-quarter spending will likely register a 3 to 4 percent annual gain, and household balance sheets are in their best shape since the recovery began.
Hampering growth is the stronger dollar, which makes exports and import-competing industries less competitive, and fears the Chinese government will further mismanage the world’s second largest economy.
For years, Chinese growth was juiced by a combination of mercurial protectionism and fraud. Chinese manufacturing and exports were advanced far more than lower labor costs warranted through a cheap currency made possible by a combination of People’s Bank of China printing yuan to buy dollars and pervasive limits on inward foreign investment and capital flows. An endless flow of bank loans, supported by dishonest bookkeeping, permitted many Chinese companies to keep exporting even as they piled up losses.
Similarly, irresponsible lending to builders and stock investors created menacing bubbles in property and equity markets, and have rendered large state-owned banks effectively insolvent.
Those policies created steroidal growth for countries shoveling coal, copper, and other commodities to supply China’s factories and builders but now that Beijing’s effervesces has gone flat, important economies like Brazil, Australia, and Indonesia face difficult adjustments and perhaps long recessions.
Still, it is important to recognize that while virtually all nations’ exports to China are slowing, its exports for two decades slowed growth for the United States and much of the EU by flooding stores with artificially cheap goods and shuttering many of their factories.
While the millions of manufacturing jobs lost in America and Europe—to advance the fraud that Beijing’s economists had unlocked the secret of endless state managed growth—will not likely be regained, the U.S. economy, thanks to technological prowess and strong legal protections, should again emerge as the first choice for global investors.
Importantly, Beijing technocrats will be less able to dupe Western companies into transferring technology to Chinese joint venture partners with the promise of markets growing at warp speed. Instead, they will have to liberalize investment policies either explicitly or by becoming more responsive in negotiations with individual companies to access foreign know-how the country needs to recover.
Over the next two years, the U.S. economy will likely expand at 2.5 percent to 2.8 percent, but in the years beyond the pace could be much stronger if a new president got behind tax reform and fixed the distortions imposed by “Obamacare” and excessive regulation in the manufacturing and financial sectors.
As for U.S. monetary policy, boosting the federal funds rate (the banks overnight borrowing rate) from near zero to perhaps 2.5 percent by the end of 2017 won’t much affect all this.
Central banks in Europe, Japan, and China will likely adjust their policies to substantially maintain current interest rate spreads between U.S. and major foreign bond markets, and the value of the dollar against their currencies, and hence U.S. exports and import competitiveness and growth, won’t be much affected.
Fed policymakers remain confident U.S. inflation will rise as the oil and labor markets tighten and rock-bottom rates impose significant cost on seniors and significant distortions on investment choices and asset prices.
Overall, a Fed interest rate increase won’t harm growth, and the Fed is still likely to begin raising rates at its December meeting or early next year.
Peter Morici, professor at the Robert H. Smith School of Business at the University of Maryland, is a recognized expert on economic policy and international economics. Previously he served as director of the Office of Economics at the U.S. International Trade Commission. Follow him on Twitter @pmorici1.
Views expressed in this article are the opinions of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Epoch Times.