A federal judge has ordered the release of a legal memorandum prepared by the Trump-era Justice Department for then-Attorney General William Barr to assist in his decision on whether to prosecute then-President Donald Trump for obstruction of justice during the Mueller special counsel investigation.
The Justice Department (DOJ) had withheld the March 24, 2019, internal memo, claiming that it should be exempt from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act because it contained the private advice of lawyers and was produced prior to any decisions that were made.
But U.S. District Judge Amy Berman Jackson in Washington, an Obama appointee, rejected the argument, saying that at the time when Barr had received the memo, he and the writers had a shared understanding over the decision not to prosecute Trump, and, therefore, the document wasn’t “predecisional.”
“The redacted portions of Section I reveal that both the authors and the recipient of the memorandum had a shared understanding concerning whether prosecuting the President was a matter to be considered at all,” Jackson wrote (pdf), referring to the memo she had reviewed in private.
“The review of the document reveals that the Attorney General was not then engaged in making a decision about whether the President should be charged with obstruction of justice; the fact that he would not be prosecuted was a given.”
She also concluded that the memo represented “strategic, as opposed to legal advice” and would fall outside the scope of the exemption.
The judgment comes in a case brought by the nonprofit organization Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (CREW), which had filed a public record request for information Barr had reviewed prior to his public announcement concerning special counsel Robert Mueller’s report on allegations that the Trump campaign had colluded with Russia in the 2016 presidential election.
CREW’s request was made after Barr told Congress on April 18 that the evidence produced by Mueller couldn’t sufficiently establish that Trump had committed an obstruction-of-justice offense. Barr said at the time that he made the decision after “carefully reviewing the facts and legal theories outlined in the report, and in consultation with the Office of Legal Counsel and other Department lawyers.”
The organization was seeking the documents used in those consultations with department lawyers.
While most of the case has been resolved, at issue were two documents the department argued were exempt from being released to the public.
In a declaration to the court, a DOJ Office of Legal Counsel special counsel Paul Colborn said that the first document referred to as “Document 6″ and described as an “untitled, undated draft legal analysis” contained OLC legal advice and analysis as well as confidential client information.
Colborn also said the DOJ withheld portions of the March 24, 2019, memo because it contained “advice and analysis supporting a recommendation regarding the decision [Barr] was considering.”
“That advice and analysis is predecisional because it was provided prior to the Attorney General’s decision in the matter, and it is deliberative because it consists of advice and analysis to assist the Attorney General in making that decision,” he stated.
Jackson agreed that “Document 6” was withheld appropriately but concluded that the March 24, 2019, memo was not.
“The Court’s in camera review leads to the conclusion that the agency has fallen far short of meeting its burden to show that the memorandum was ‘prepared in order to assist an agency decisionmaker in arriving at his decision,'” she wrote.
Jackson has given the DOJ until May 17 to produce the document. DOJ officials didn’t immediately respond to a request by The Epoch Times for comment, and whether the department is considering options to stay the order.
This case is Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington v. U.S. Department of Justice (Docket number: 1:19-cv-01552).