But Hamilton has a 10-place grid penalty for going over his allocation of three combustion engines for the season and will start 11th on Sunday. It means Bottas will be on the front row with Verstappen and Ferrari’s Charles Leclerc just behind in third, alongside AlphaTauri’s Pierre Gasly in fourth, after a strong final lap from Gasly.
Hamilton’s record-extending 102nd pole saw him finish .13 seconds ahead of Bottas and .33 clear of Verstappen’s Red Bull.
“It was a tricky session, there were still some damp patches (on track),” Hamilton said. “It’s not easy for overtaking here so I think it will be difficult tomorrow.”
As the afternoon rain started to fall, drivers tried to do quick early laps in Q1 before the track got too wet.
Ferrari’s Carlos Sainz Jr. spun off track and got back on, as did AlphaTauri’s Yuki Tsunoda, while Hamilton went wide on Turn 5.
Hamilton topped Q1 ahead of Verstappen and Bottas, while McLaren’s Daniel Ricciardo—winner of eight F1 races—was the biggest name among the five knocked out of it.
“I struggled to get more out of the soft tires,” Ricciardo said. “No excuses.”
Although Hamilton again topped Q2 ahead of Bottas and Verstappen, he also complained of not getting enough heat into his tires.
Leclerc had an issue with downforce and lost the rear of his Ferrari as he slid off track midway through Q2. That damaged his tires a little and put him at risk of not qualifying for Q3. But the driver from Monaco got through on his last lap, while four-time F1 champion Sebastian Vettel missed out for Aston Martin.
The 5.3-kilometer (3.3-mile) Istanbul Park circuit was fairly dry by Q3 and Hamilton took control without too much trouble.
He leads Verstappen by two points in a thrilling title race but could well be overtaken by the Dutchman. Hamilton trails Verstappen 7–3 for wins 7–4 for poles this season and there are six races to go after Turkey.
Earlier, Gasly posted the fastest time in a rainy third and final practice. He led from Red Bull driver Sergio Perez and Verstappen. Hamilton was way down in 18th spot but hardly took part because he was saving tires for qualifying.
The final session was halted for a few minutes approaching the halfway point when Williams driver George Russell went off the track and into gravel.
Verstappen, Vettel, and Leclerc all did 360-degree spins before regaining control of their cars.
Sainz Jr. starts from last after a complete engine change earlier this week.