EU Firms up Belarus Blacklist as OSCE Offers to Mediate

August 28, 2020 Updated: August 28, 2020

BERLIN—The European Union has agreed to impose sanctions on up to 20 senior Belarus officials suspected of election fraud and the crackdown on protesters and is likely to put President Alexander Lukashenko on its list at some point, the bloc’s foreign ministers said Friday at a meeting in Berlin.

In Vienna, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe offered to mediate between the two sides in Belarus, with chairman Edi Rama pledging not to “interfere in internal affairs,” but at the same time stressing human rights abuses must end.

Belarus protest
A girl covers with an old Belarusian National flag as people stand near the place where Alexander Taraikovsky died amid the clashes protesting the election results, in Minsk, on Aug. 24, 2020. (Dmitri Lovetsky/AP Photo)

Belarus’ authoritarian president of 26 years has faced weeks of protests since he was reelected to a sixth term on Aug. 9 with 80 percent of the vote. The opposition says the poll was rigged and the EU, among others, disputes the results.

In the first four days of demonstrations that followed, Belarus security forces detained almost 7,000 people and injured hundreds with rubber bullets, stun grenades, and clubs. At least three protesters died. Around 180 people were detained at rallies on Thursday.

“We have general agreement on how the list will be structured and who will be, more or less, on the list,” Czech Republic Foreign Minister Tomas Petricek told reporters. However, the technicalities involved in legally finalizing the list won’t be concluded for at least another week.

Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko
This image made from video shows Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko armed with a Kalashnikov-type rifle near the Palace of Independence in Minsk on Aug. 23, 2020. (State TV and Radio Company of Belarus via AP Photo)

Asked whether the Belarus president will be hit by a travel ban and asset freeze, Petricek said he believes that “Lukashenko should be on the list. The question is whether in the first stage, or a later stage if there is no progress.”

Lithuanian Foreign Minister Linas Linkevicius said that Lukashenko should be on the list now, but he acknowledged that there may be “tactical reasons” to keep the Belarus leader off. Lithuania had tabled its own list of 118 officials.

Asked after the meeting whether Lukashenko would be targeted, EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell declined to be specific, saying that “this information needs to be protected until the sanctions are legally adopted and in force.” He also said that evidence is still being gathered on why the officials should be listed, just in case they launch legal challenges against the sanctions.

High Representative of the EU for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Josep Borrell
EU foreign afairs chief Josep Borrell holds a press conference in Brussels on May 26, 2020. (Pool/Getty Images)

Borrell explained that most countries prefer a gradual approach that would ratchet up pressure by adding more names progressively if Lukashenko fails to enter into talks with the opposition.

“The initial list was short. It has been increasing over the last days. It was in the beginning 12, then escalated to almost 20. I think it will still escalate in the following days,” he said. “Everything will depend on how things develop in Belarus and which is the attitude of the regime.”

Russian President Vladimir Putin warned Thursday that he stands ready to send police to Belarus if protests there turn violent, but sees no such need yet. Linkevicius said that “we cannot exclude this invasion,” and that the EU must also send a clear warning to Russia.

Vladimir Putin and Alexander Lukashenko speak in the stands during the closing ceremony in Dinamo Stadium
Russian President Vladimir Putin and Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko speak in the stands during the closing ceremony of 2019 European Games, in Minsk, on June 30, 2019. (Vasily Fedosenko/Reuters)

German Chancellor Angela Merkel said she stressed the importance of Belarus’ sovereignty in a recent call with Putin.

“I hope that such a unit won’t be deployed,” she told reporters in Berlin.

Merkel said she has also tried to call Lukashenko, but that he has refused to speak with her thus far.

The EU has supported proposals from the OSCE to promote dialogue in Belarus, one of the organization’s 57 member nations, and has said it stands ready to provide assistance to further them.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel
German Chancellor Angela Merkel speaks to the media in Berlin on March 22, 2020. (Clemens Bilan/Getty Images)

In a special meeting on the situation in Belarus in Vienna on Friday, Rama, who is the prime minister of Albania, laid out the case for the organization to assist in facilitating talks between Lukashenko and the opposition.

“For the country to move forward safely and as securely as possible will require mutual understanding and cooperation inside Belarus,” Rama said. “And our role should be to help bring that about.”

He emphasized that “if we are to play a constructive role it is not for us to take sides” and that the OSCE could provide “dispassionate third party counseling.”

Thousands of people protest Independence square Minsk Belarus
Thousands of people gather for a protest at the Independence square in Minsk on Aug. 23, 2020. (Dmitri Lovetsky/AP Photo)

But at the same time, he noted the restrictions on journalists, and the injury and loss of life to protesters in the government crackdown, saying that “the picture is ugly, to say the least.”

“Belarus is here, with us, as a friend, but friends must remind each other of important truths, and the authorities in Minsk need to hear this one,” he said.

“The OSCE is founded on principles that include full respect for democracy and human rights… There cannot be any ifs or any buts about this. These are principles and they must be upheld.”

By Lorne Cook and David Rising