An Aug. 30 report argues that the idea of totally transitioning from fossil fuels is a “dangerous delusion.”
“The lessons of the recent decade make it clear that [solar, wind, and battery] SWB technologies cannot be surged in times of need, are neither inherently ‘clean’ nor even independent of hydrocarbons, and are not cheap,” the report, authored by Mark Mills of the conservative Manhattan Institute, states.
The release of the report comes as the Russia–Ukraine war wreaks havoc on global energy markets, particularly in Europe.
In a Sept. 7 speech, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen vowed to try to “flatten the curve” of electricity use during peak hours through rationing.
Faced with rising energy prices, some politicians are rethinking their stances on fossil fuels.
Newly elected British Prime Minister Liz Truss will end her country’s fracking moratorium on Sept. 8, as reported by The Telegraph.
Mills highlighted barriers that impede a complete departure from hydrocarbons, even as he noted that electric vehicles (EV), solar panels, and wind turbines have all significantly improved in recent years.
Raw materials pose one fundamental challenge. Citing a May 2021 analysis from the International Energy Agency (IEA), Mills argued that any sweeping energy transition would require a massive increase in supplies of various minerals.
For example, the supply of lithium would need to rise by 4,200 percent.
IEA projections cited in the report suggest that rising commodity prices could drive up the prices of batteries, wind turbines, and solar panels. EV prices are already rising because of the increasing costs of raw materials.
‘Very Interesting Winter’
Stephen Haner, a senior fellow with the Thomas Jefferson Institute for Public Policy in Virginia, agrees with Mills’s analysis.
He told The Epoch Times in an Aug. 7 interview that the average American may find it hard to track the energy transition issue “until they suddenly open up their Dominion [Energy] bill, and they see that their power bill went up 40 percent.”
“I don’t see it ever being 100 percent fossil free. It’s just not going to work. Can there be a higher percentage of wind and solar? Yes,” he said, adding that the world may soon face a “very interesting winter.”
Another expert, Daniel Kish of the American Energy Alliance, told The Epoch Times that it’s misleading to directly compare the levelized costs of wind and solar to the costs of coal, nuclear, or other dispatchable sources of electricity.
Such comparisons often serve to support the claim that renewables are cheaper than conventional energy.
He pointed out that the U.S. Energy Information Administration distinguishes dispatchable technologies, such as coal and nuclear, from resource-constrained technologies such as wind and solar.
“You can’t compare the costs of part-time energy when you’ve got full-time demand,” Kish said in an Aug. 7 interview.
Like Mills, he worries the United States could become far more dependent on Chinese minerals and supply chains than it ever was on OPEC oil.
“For the life of me, it’s like you’re being driven right into China’s open arms, and you’re doing it on purpose,” he said.
Some Experts More Critical
Other experts contacted by The Epoch Times were more critical of the report.
Professor Iain MacGill of the University of New South Wales told The Epoch Times in a Sept. 6 email that there was “much to both agree and disagree with” in the report.
He drew attention to the IEA’s warning in 2021 that underinvestment in non-fossil fuel energy could prove destabilizing.
“In at least part, our current problems arise from reductions in fossil fuel investment that weren’t sufficiently offset by clean energy investment,” MacGill said. “Building up supply chains will be key. But the alternative is surely far worse–runaway climate change.”
Christian Breyer, a professor of solar economy at Finland’s Lappeenranta University of Technology, was far harsher.
In a scathing Sept. 7 email, he told The Epoch Times that the report was “a long list of old stuff which is partly simply wrong or solutions are known. [sic]”
He then cited his own recent scientific review, claiming that it demonstrated the feasibility of an energy transition based primarily on solar, wind, and batteries.
One section covers raw materials, an area in which Mills and many others have raised potentially huge shortfalls as a serious issue. Even Breyer’s review notes that “practically all research in this field finds critical limits for material availability.”
His proposed solutions? Among others: making lithium extraction from seawater much cheaper, and the mandatory, near-100 percent recycling of lithium batteries.
Kish expressed doubts about such a vision.
“Nobody is recycling batteries at scale. At a certain point, you have to take a look at the costs involved.”