In a case involving 739 defendants facing charges ranging from murder to damaging property, the court also sentenced to life in prison the head of the Brotherhood, Mohammed Badie, and 46 others on Sept. 8.
Death by Hanging
Sources told Reuters that the 75 people sentenced to death will be hung.
Those sentenced to death include Essam al-Erian and Mohamed Beltagi, top Muslim Brotherhood leaders, and prominent Islamist preacher Safwat Higazi.
Mahmoud Abu Zeid, a photojournalist known as “Shawkan,” received five years imprisonment, meaning he will walk free for time served.
The sit-in was staged by supporters of Mohamed Morsi, a Brotherhood stalwart who became Egypt’s president in 2012 but was ousted a year later by the military, then led by President Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi.
At least 600 people were killed when security forces broke up the protest in August 2013.
An investigation into the protest concluded in September 2015 by the government said that Brotherhood leaders were responsible for the violence that left hundreds dead.
Authorities blamed the group for the deaths, claiming there was a number of violent incidents started by the Brotherhood leading up to the protest.
A witness told the Independent that the violence during what is now known as the Rabaa massacre was intense. “The violence was on a whole new level—like nothing I had ever seen before,” said Ibrahim Halawa, an Irish national who was just 17 when the Rabaa massacre happened. “I have never seen so much killing in my life.”
Groups Criticize Security Forces
Human rights groups have criticized the trial as well as the security response back in 2013, blaming the government for the killings.
“These sentences were handed down in a disgraceful mass trial of more than 700 people, and we condemn today’s verdict in the strongest terms. The death penalty should never be an option under any circumstances. The fact that not a single police officer has been brought to account for the killing of at least 900 people in the Rabaa and Nahda protests shows what a mockery of justice this trial was,” said Najia Bounaim, North Africa Campaigns Director at Amnesty International, in a statement.
“The Egyptian authorities should be ashamed. We demand a retrial in an impartial court and in full respect of the right to a fair trial for all defendants, without recourse to the death penalty.”
Human Rights Watch also criticized Egyptian authorities for failing to bring charges against any security forces involved in the response to the protest, noting that Egypt recently issued a law to immunize senior military officers from being questioned for potential violations following Morsi’s ouster.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.