PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti — Haitians were electing legislators to Parliament Sunday after a yearslong wait, but the vote was plagued with delays, disorder and occasional fistfights and rock throwing.
The legislative elections had been postponed for nearly four years due to a political showdown between Haiti’s executive and opposition, and they have been billed as a crucial test of the country’s electoral system ahead of a presidential vote in October. Sunday’s first round seeks to fill two thirds of the 30-member Senate and the entire 99-member Chamber of Deputies.
But a number of polling stations across the country of 10 million people had to wait for ballots hours after voting was supposed to start at 6:00 a.m. (1000 GMT). In sections of Port-au-Prince, voters who began trickling in around dawn grew exasperated after being told they couldn’t cast ballots because their names weren’t on official voting lists.
“This is very frustrating. Are they trying to discourage voting?” gardener Gerald Henry complained to a reporter after election workers turned him away.
In the crowded capital, at least three voting centers were shut down by authorities after fistfights broke out as partisans attempted to stuff ballot boxes and engage in other irregularities. At one voting center in downtown Port-au-Prince, groups of young men ripped up paper ballots as heavily armed police shot into the air to re-establish order. Rocks were thrown in response before authorities closed the polling station.
Local media also reported the closure of polling places in other sections of the country, including the western city of Jeremie, and scattered arrests of people accused of voting more than once. Observers from various political parties complained election officials did not give them access to voting centers.
The vote was taking place roughly eight months after Haiti’s legislature was dissolved because the terms of lawmakers expired before new elections could be held.
It’s the first election Haiti has held under Martelly, who took office in May 2011. He has governed by decree since Parliament dissolved in January and cannot run for a consecutive term. In the absence of elections, Martelly has been accused of stacking the deck in his favor by appointing mayors and other municipal officials to replace those whose terms expired.
Roughly 5.8 million people were registered to vote and over 1,850 candidates from nearly 130 political parties were running.
Elections in Haiti are never easy and the country’s Provisional Electoral Council has long been criticized for votes plagued by disorganization, ballot irregularities and fraud allegations.
Final results were not expected for several days and a significant amount of work will be needed to get the next Parliament up and running after it is installed. The first round of Haiti’s presidential election and the second round of local elections are set for Oct. 25.
After voting at a heavily secured polling station, Martelly was asked what he thought of Sunday’s disorder. He told reporters: “I hope that the election officials are better organized for the presidential elections in October.”