Cheaper System to Ease Pain of Parking

By David Ruth, Rice University
April 28, 2015 Updated: May 5, 2015

Finding somewhere to park in a crowded lot can be a pain. That could change, thanks to a new technology called “ParkiT.”

The new system is cheaper than sensor technology currently being used and would provide parking lot managers and attendants information in real time about exactly where open spots are. That information could then be shared with drivers through electronic signs or a driver-friendly app.

“Parking is something we’ve all struggled with,” said Jennifer Ding, a ParkiT team member and undergraduate at Rice University. “We’ve all been there driving around circling and circling, and just when you think you’ve found a spot, it’s a Mini Cooper.”

The team’s goal is to take that hassle out of parking for everyone—the driver and the parking lot operator.

Apps and Signs

“We created a new technology that can identify where open spaces are located,” Ding said. “Being electrical engineers, we decided to take a different route from sensors and use cameras and computer vision. Our cameras overlook large parking lots with 50 to 100 or more spaces.”

“The camera takes a picture of the lot every minute,” said Omar Turk, also a ParkiT team member. “The camera then sends the picture to a server, where we process it with some computer vision and machine-learning algorithms. When we get the results, we display it on a user interface for the parking lot operator to see.”

Once  lot operators has access to the information, they can pass it along to the driver through digital signage pointing to open spaces or via a mobile app.

“Right now there’s no cost-effective outdoor solution for detecting parking spots …  and they’re not very accurate,” said team member Andres Cedeno. “This is detrimental because operators don’t really know what’s going on with their lots. They don’t know the occupancy rate when it’s filling up, and that’s really frustrating for drivers because they can’t find a spot—and operators know this.”

Current technology uses sensor systems that cost about $400–$800 per parking spot, and they have to be installed into the pavement. ParkiT’s system would cost lots less than $50 per space.

What About GPS?

“There are GPS parking locators out there, but they’re mostly useful once you’ve parked and you can record where you are,” Cedeno said. “GPS really can’t tell you where there are cars at any given point.”

The team has consulted with various Houston-area parking facilities, including the Texas Medical Center and Houston Hobby Airport.

“We’ve heard from some of the places we’ve consulted with that they could increase their sales in contract parking by 10–20 percent just by knowing when and how much they fill every day,” Cedeno said.

After graduating in May, Ding and three Rice engineering students will take the project forward and create a company to develop ParkiT further.

“The plan is to install several trials throughout Houston this summer,” Ding said. “If we can prove the value of this technology, we would hopefully spread throughout the city …  and who knows, maybe beyond that to throughout the country.”

The team’s faculty advisers are Gary Woods, professor in the practice of computer technology, and Ashutosh Sabharwal, professor of electrical and computer engineering.

This article was previously published on Futurity.org. Republished under Creative Commons License 4.0.

 

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