Stocks closed mostly higher Thursday as the market ended November with its biggest monthly gain in more than a year.
The S&P 500 rose 0.4 percent after drifting between small gains and losses. The benchmark index rose 8.9 percent in November, its biggest monthly gain since July 2022.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average jumped 1.5 percent, while the Nasdaq composite slipped 0.2 percent. Both indexes also posted solid gains for the month, finishing with gains of 8.8 percent and 10.7 percent, respectively.
The market marched steadily higher for much of November as investors grew hopeful that the Federal Reserve is finally done raising interest rates, which fight inflation by slowing the economy. Those hopes got more support with a report that the Fed’s preferred measure of inflation cooled last month.
November’s rally was also driven largely by the technology sector, where several companies with high values tend to disproportionately impact the market. Microsoft gained 12.1 percent for the month, while Nvidia rose 14.7 percent. Also, Treasury yields have generally been falling and easing pressure on stocks. High yields tend to make expensive stocks look less attractive to investors.
“The rally has been dramatic in its move,” said Quincy Krosby, chief global strategist for LPL Financial.
The momentum has stalled over the last week or so, which is the market’s way of dealing with an overbought scenario, she said, but it hardly suggests a deep sell-off ahead.
“What you want to see is that next leg up as we close the year,” she said. “November is a strong month for the market, but so is December.”
Thursday’s report from the Commerce Department said prices were unchanged from September to October, down from a 0.4 percent rise the previous month. Compared with a year ago, consumer prices rose 3 percent in October, below the 3.4 percent annual rate in September. That was the lowest year-over-year inflation rate in more than 2 1/2 years.
The Fed’s aggressive rate hike policy pushed its benchmark interest rate from near zero in 2022 to its highest level in two decades by the middle of 2023. The goal has been to tame inflation back to the Fed’s target rate of 2 percent.
Wall Street is betting that the central bank will continue to hold rates steady at its December meeting and into early 2024, when it could start considering cutting interest rates. Fed officials have hinted at those possibilities, while also saying any future moves will be based on economic data.
The latest data on economic growth and consumer confidence have also raised hopes that the Fed will achieve its sought-after “soft landing,” which involves cooling the inflation without throwing the economy into a recession. Meanwhile, the latest round of surprisingly encouraging corporate earnings gave investors more confidence that businesses and the economy can keep humming along.
Treasury yields moved higher Thursday. The yield on the 10-year Treasury, which influences mortgage rates, rose to 4.34 percent from 4.26 percent late Wednesday.
Traders had their eye on companies reporting quarterly results.
Software company Salesforce jumped 9.4 percent after giving investors a strong profit forecast. Cloud-computing company Snowflake rose 7 percent after also giving Wall Street an encouraging financial forecast.
On the losing end, data storage company Pure Storage fell 12.2 percent after giving investors a disappointing revenue outlook.
Also Thursday, the Labor Department said slightly more Americans filed for unemployment benefits last week, but the overall number of people in the U.S. collecting benefits rose to its highest level in two years. The report shows that the labor market remains strong, but is showing signs of softening.
Oil prices have also been falling, as have gasoline prices in the U.S., relieving pressure on consumers. The price of U.S. crude oil fell 2.4 percent Thursday, despite the latest extension of OPEC’s production cuts.
In Europe, the latest data showed that inflation dropped more than expected to 2.4 percent in November, the lowest in more than two years. The new figure is close to the European Central Bank’s inflation target of 2 percent following a rapid series of interest rate hikes dating to summer 2022.
All told, the S&P 500 rose 17.22 points to 4,567.80 on Thursday. The Dow jumped 520.47 points to 35,950.89, with an assist from Salesforce, which reported better-than-expected results and raised its outlook. The Nasdaq composite dropped 32.27 points to 14,226.22.
Stocks in Asia and Europe closed mostly higher.