Stocks End Lower, Nearing but Not Quite in a Bear Market

Stocks End Lower, Nearing but Not Quite in a Bear Market
Pedestrians pass the New York Stock Exchange on May 5, 2022. (John Minchillo/AP Photo)
The Associated Press

NEW YORK—Another volatile day on Wall Street ended with more losses for stocks Thursday, drawing the S&P 500 closer to its first bear market since the beginning of the pandemic.

The index, a benchmark for many funds, fell 0.6 percent after easing off a deeper stumble. The latest decline came a day after the S&P 500 had its biggest drop in nearly two years. It’s now down 18.7 percent from the record high it set early this year and is nearly at the 20% threshold that defines a bear market.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 0.8 percent and the Nasdaq slipped 0.3 percent.

The indexes have remained mired in a deep slump as investors worry that the soaring inflation that’s hurting people shopping for groceries and filling their cars up is also walloping profits at U.S. companies. Target fell again, a day after losing a quarter of its value on a surprisingly large drop in earnings.

The latest pullback is further indication “that the market is trying to find direction,” said Lindsey Bell, chief markets and money strategist at Ally Invest. “There’s just still a significant amount of uncertainty, especially in regard to what the (Federal Reserve) is going to do, how that’s going to impact growth in the future, and additionally, where the heck is inflation going from here.”

The S&P 500 fell 22.89 points to 3,900.79. The Dow dropped 236.94 points to 31,253.13. The Nasdaq slid 29.66 points to 11,388.50. The three indexes are on pace to extend a string of at least six weekly losses.

Smaller company stocks held up better than the broader market. The Russell 2000 rose 1.38 points, or 0.1 percent, to 1,776.22.

Rising interest rates, high inflation, the war in Ukraine and a slowdown in China’s economy have caused investors to reconsider the prices they’re willing to pay for a wide range of stocks, from high-flying tech companies to traditional automakers. Investors have been worried that the soaring inflation that’s hurting people shopping for groceries and filling their cars up is also walloping company profits.

Target fell another 5.1 percent a day after losing a quarter of its value on a surprisingly weak profit report.

Wall Street is also worried about the Federal Reserve's plan to fight the highest inflation in four decades. The Fed is raising interest rates aggressively and investors are concerned that the central bank could cause a recession if it raises rates too high or too quickly.

The 10-year Treasury pulled back to 2.85 percent from 2.88 percent late Wednesday, but it has been generally rising as investors prepare for a market with higher interest rates. That has also pushed up mortgage rates, which is contributing to a slowdown in home sales.

The pile of concerns on Wall Street has made for very choppy trading and big swings between gains and losses within any given day.

Technology stocks have been some of the most volatile holdings. The sector includes heavyweights like Apple that have lofty valuations, which tend to push the market more forcefully up or down. The sector has been hit especially hard by the Fed's policy shift to raise interest rates. Low rates help support investments considered more risky, like tech stocks, and higher rates lessen the incentive to take that risk.

Technology stocks fell Thursday, accounting for a big share of the S&P 500's drop. Cisco Systems slumped 13.7 percent after the seller of routers and switches cut its profit forecast amid supply chain constraints. Synopsis jumped 10.3 percent after the software company raised its financial forecasts for the year.

Household goods companies, grocery store operators and food producers fell broadly. General Mills fell 2.1 percent and Clorox fell 5.3 percent.

Retailers and other companies that rely on direct consumer spending mostly rose. Amazon added 0.2 percent and Expedia climbed 5.3 percent. Bath & Body Works slid 6.8 percent after cutting its profit forecast for the year.

With the S&P 500 closing moderately lower, the index is now closer to falling into a bear market. The last bear market happened just two years ago, following the onset of the virus pandemic.

Why use a bear to denote a market slump? Bears hibernate, so they represent a market that’s retreating, said Sam Stovall, chief investment strategist at CFRA. In contrast, Wall Street’s nickname for a surging stock market is a bull market, because bulls charge.

By Damian J. Troise and Alex Veiga