Arizona's Republican speaker of the House said that calls by members of President Donald Trump's legal team and some Republican lawmakers to overturn the results of the presidential election aren't lawful.
"The rule of law forbids us to do that," Bowers wrote, citing Arizona law that requires the state's electors to cast their votes for candidates who receive the most votes in the statewide election. According to the certified results, signed by election officials and Gov. Doug Ducey on Nov. 30, Democrat Joe Biden defeated Trump by 10,457 votes in Arizona.
Some Republican Arizona lawmakers and members of Trump's legal team have claimed fraud and urged the Arizona Legislature to appoint their own slate of electors.
"The Trump legal team has cited McPherson v. Blacker (1892) to claim that the legislature can 'resume the power [to appoint electors] at any time.' And it is true that the Arizona Legislature could alter the method of appointing electors prospectively. But it cannot undo the election of electors whom the voters already voted for," Bowers wrote.
"Nothing in the U.S. Constitution or the decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court even suggests that the Arizona Legislature could retroactively appoint different electors," he added.
Republican State Rep. Kelly Townsend, who has been vocal in her support for Trump's claims of election fraud, responded to Bowers's statement, challenging his interpretation of the law and calling for a deeper legal analysis of the matter to "ensure the citizens of this good state are not disenfranchised by malfeasance and inaction."
"The fact is, the Arizona Legislature is not bound to the Arizona Constitution in this situation because we will be performing a federal function, and therefore are not bound to it or to the Statutes, but will be performing our obligation that has been set out for us," she added.
State Rep. Mark Finchem, who chaired a daylong meeting in Phoenix on Nov. 30 with Trump's legal team, during which various claims of fraud and other irregularities were discussed, said in a Dec. 4 tweet that he believes Ducey's certification of the results should be invalidated.
Finchem said the Nov. 30 hearing on election integrity "shook the foundation of the elite power brokers" and called for a signature audit of all mail-in ballots in Arizona.
Bowers, in his statement, refuted the notion of significant fraud, writing that "the Trump team made claims that the election was tainted by fraud but presented only theories, not proof," and cited Attorney General William Barr as saying that he, too, has "not seen fraud on a scale that could have affected a different outcome of the election."
The speaker also insisted that any changes to the law on how Arizona chooses its electors would have to be enacted by the Legislature, which isn't in session. The Legislature would need support from two-thirds of its members to reconvene, he said, which is an unlikely scenario as it would require the support of Democrats.
State House Majority Leader Warren Petersen, a Republican, said in a statement: "Especially concerning are the allegations made surrounding the vendor Dominion. It is imperative that the County immediately do a forensic audit on the Dominion software and equipment to make sure the results were accurate."
Dominion has repeatedly denied claims that its software or systems were compromised or inaccurate.