Speaking at the BBC Radio Theatre in London on May 16, Jolie assessed the severity of the crisis and laid out what she believes is the solution.
Refugee System Breaking Down
Jolie said there’s nothing wrong with the current system for handling refugees—placing them in camps and selecting the “the exceptional cases of the most vulnerable people” for asylum.
But “today, we are seeing it break down,” she said, because of the number of conflicts and how many refugees are fleeing.
Over 60 million people are displaced today—one in every 122 people, she said. That’s the most since World War II.
Moreover, people remain displaced for an average of 20 years, Jolie said. The portion of people who return home is the smallest in 30 years.
Focus on Europe
Jolie said Europe has attracted the most attention, but deals with a minor part of the problem.
“We in the West are neither in the center of the refugee crisis, nor, for the most part, the ones making the greatest sacrifice,” she said.
Some 1.8 million migrants crossed European borders in 2015—the majority from Syria, Afghanistan, and Iraq, according to Frontex, a European Union agency monitoring the border, BBC reported.
Europe is dealing with 10 percent of refugees from Syria, Jolie said, while “other countries are bursting at the seams with millions of refugees from multiple conflicts.”
Lebanon has over a million Syrian refugees and Pakistan absorbed almost 1.5 million Afghan refugees.
Jolie said nations should stick to immigration and asylum laws, seek agreement with their peoples on how many refugees they can realistically accept, and cooperate with other nations to handle the crisis.
Countries should also restore people’s confidence and mitigate fear of refugees, perhaps by showing the rigorous process to be granted asylum.
Jolie said the United States should take a more prominent role, similar to the restoration efforts after World War II.
In its famous Marshall Plan, the United States gave Europe $13 billion (almost $120 billion in current dollars) worth of investments, food, supplies, fuel, and machinery to assist after the war.
Jolie said the country must step up, but also seek cooperation from other nations.
“I believe that this is again that once-in-a-generation moment when nations have to pull together,” she said.
She advocated for every country doing its “fair share,” but also acknowledged the problem has to be resolved at the source—solving the conflicts people are fleeing from.