Tens of thousands of independent California truck owner–operators could be out of business soon because of a state-level worker classification law that designates them as employees.
On June 30, the U.S. Supreme Court declined to hear a challenge about whether California Assembly Bill 5 (AB 5) violates the Federal Aviation Administration Authorization Act of 1994 as it applies to self-employed truck drivers.
“Gasoline has been poured on the fire that is our ongoing supply chain crisis,” the California Trucking Association (CTA) wrote in a June 30 response to the high court’s decision regarding the association’s legal challenge to the measure.
“In addition to the direct impact on California’s 70,000 owner–operators—who have seven days to cease long-standing independent businesses—the impact of taking tens of thousands of truck drivers off the road will have devastating repercussions on an already fragile supply chain, increasing costs and worsening runaway inflation,” the association added.
“We are disappointed the court does not recognize the irrevocable damage eliminating independent truckers will have on interstate commerce and communities across the state.
“The legislature and [Gavin] Newsom administration must immediately take action to avoid worsening the supply chain crisis and inflation.”
The California State Assembly adopted AB 5 in September 2019, sparking CTA’s legal challenge and the Supreme Court’s latest decision.
The bill’s primary sponsor was Democrat Lorena Gonzalez, a union leader and former Assembly member.
Under AB 5, a self-employed commercial truck owner must satisfy a three-part test to be considered an independent contractor, with exceptions for construction trucking services.
The bill adds that existing law “creates a presumption that a worker who performs services for a hirer is an employee for purposes of claims for wages and benefits arising under wage orders issued by the Industrial Welfare Commission.”
Existing law defines employees for purposes that include “any individual who, under the usual common law rules applicable in determining the employer-employee relationship, has the status of an employee.”
Self-Employed Truckers Entitled to Benefits
The bill would entitle those self-employed truck drivers and owners to the same benefits and workers’ compensation as regular employees.
According to Globecom Freight Systems, a leading provider of transportation services, owner-operators make up 9 percent (350,000) of the commercial truckers on the road today. Their average salary is about $50,000.
A recent study by the American Trucking Association found that the nationwide shortage of 80,000 truck drivers could double by 2030. In light of the shortage, many trucking companies now offer lucrative sign-on bonuses and salaries to attract more drivers.
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration recently started an apprenticeship driver program for those aged 18 to 20 that would allow them to cross state lines to help further alleviate the shortage.
Tony Bradley, president and CEO of the Arizona Trucking Association, criticized AB 5 as a “horribly misguided piece of legislation” by California labor unions that will have a “drastic impact across all trucking.”
“It’s unclear at this point how it will affect owner-operators that don’t live in the state of California,” Bradley told The Epoch Times.
“We are evaluating and looking at it closely, but putting 70,000 people out of work is not the thing to do when we have raging inflation and supply chain issues.”
“How are people supposed to follow their dream of starting their own trucking company if they can’t be their own boss? In California, they’ve effectively stopped that practice,” Bradley said.
Currently, 97 percent of all trucking fleets include 10 or fewer trucks, and every large company began with “one truck,” Bradley said.
He said AB 5 will force independent truck owner–operators to join an established trucking company or “follow some other career path.”
“This was largely run by the California labor unions, who find it difficult to unionize people who work for themselves. I think it will have a huge impact on our industry and economy,” Bradley said.
Given Arizona’s proximity to California, the world’s third-largest economy, Bradley said it’s challenging for Arizona independent truck owner–operators not to do business in California.
“I think some of them will exit the business and pursue other dreams [though] we don’t know what the repercussions will be for out-of-state drivers.”