US to Back Nations That Say China Violated Their South China Sea Claims

July 15, 2020 Updated: July 15, 2020

WASHINGTON—U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said the United States will support countries that assert China has violated their maritime claims in the South China Sea but suggested it would do so through diplomatic rather than military means.

“We will support countries all across the world who recognize that China has violated their legal territorial claims as well—or maritime claims as well,” Pompeo told reporters on July 15.

“We will go provide them the assistance we can, whether that’s in multilateral bodies, whether that’s in ASEAN, whether that’s through legal responses, we will use all the tools we can,” he said at a news conference, referring to the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations.

The United States on July 13 rejected China’s claims to offshore resources in most of the South China Sea, drawing criticism from China, which said the U.S. position raised tension in the region, highlighting an increasingly testy relationship.

That statement reflected the first time the United States had taken the position that China’s claims to the South China sea were “completely unlawful.”

The United States has long opposed China’s expansive territorial claims on the South China Sea, sending warships regularly through the strategic waterway to demonstrate freedom of navigation there. The July 13 comments reflect a harsher tone.

While China claims 90 percent of the potentially energy-rich South China Sea, Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, and Vietnam also lay claim to parts of it.

On July 15, Vietnam’s foreign ministry spokeswoman, Le Thi Thu Hang, said in response to the hardened U.S. rhetoric on the region that Vietnam welcomes any views on the South China Sea that are in accordance with international law.

“Peace, stability, cooperation, and development in the South China Sea are the common aspirations and goals of countries in the region and the international community.”

By Arshad Mohammed and Humeyra Pamuk