A three-judge panel ruled the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) substantially understated the risks related to the use of dicamba, a chemical found in herbicides sold by Bayer and rivals that are sprayed on genetically engineered soybeans and cotton. The herbicides are known to drift away and damage other crops that are not resistant.
The lawsuit was among those Bayer inherited when it bought Monsanto for $63 billion in 2018. The company faces separate allegations that its glyphosate-based weed killer Roundup causes cancer.
Environmental groups have sought cancellation of the EPA’s approval of Monsanto’s dicamba-based XtendiMax herbicide, arguing it harms nearby plants and wildlife.
The court agreed, and its ruling also blocks sales of dicamba-based herbicides like BASF’s Engenia and Corteva Agriscience’s FeXapan.
Bayer said the ruling relates to the agency’s 2018 registration decision which expires in December and the company is seeking new EPA registration for the herbicide for 2021 and beyond. The EPA said it is reviewing the court’s decision and will move promptly to address its order.
“Depending upon actions by the EPA and whether the ruling is successfully challenged, we will work quickly to minimize any impact on our customers this season,” Bayer said.
The EPA added restrictions on use of dicamba in 2018 and the companies adapted as a result. Bernstein analyst Gunther Zechmann said there would therefore be little effect on dicamba volumes for next year’s planting season.
“The company has already made label adjustments, which has therefore made the court opinion moot,” he said in a note.
The decision could cost Bayer 30 million euros in lost earnings, Zechmann said.
Arkansas farmer Reed Storey said he was encouraged by the ruling, after his soybeans suffered damage from dicamba sprayed on neighboring fields from 2016 to 2018.
“It’s a move in the right direction in getting the in-crop use of it stopped,” he said.
Bayer and BASF said they disagreed with the judgment. Corteva said it was reviewing the decision and believes dicamba can be used safely.
Shares in Bayer fell 4 percent, while BASF’s stock recovered after initial losses and Corteva’s stock rose 3 percent.
Some farmers and seed dealers said the ruling could drive a shift away from Bayer’s dicamba-resistant Xtend soybean seeds to Enlist E3 soybeans sold by Corteva.
Xtend soybeans account for more than half of U.S. soy plantings. Farmers turned to the product to protect themselves from dicamba sprayed by neighbors and after some weeds developed resistance to glyphosate.
By Tom Polansek, Ludwig Burger and Sabahatjahan Contractor