The main pharmacological compounds in Panax ginseng, called ginsenosides, have been studied for their anti-inflammatory and immune-boosting properties, but researchers have uncovered additional health benefits and believe that ginsenosides may be a safe alternate treatment for a variety of medical conditions.
1. Reduced Chronic Inflammation
Chronic inflammation, characterized as acute inflammation that lasts more than four weeks, can contribute to a variety of diseases like cancer and diabetes. Prolonged inflammation is caused by persistent injury, toxic exposure, infection, or autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, as well as many other factors, including obesity and stress. It can be deadly when not corrected.
Researchers have demonstrated that various ginsenosides can reduce chronic inflammation by suppressing the expression of proinflammatory cytokines in the body, effectively moderating the inflammatory response.
While inflammation is an important way the body responds to injury or infection, chronic inflammation can lead to inflammatory diseases. Ginsenosides can help prevent inflammatory diseases early on and they also exhibit protective and anti-cancer effects.
2. Enhanced Brain Function and Potential Neuroprotective Effects
Researchers discovered that ginsenosides may have a protective effect against neurological disorders and nervous system diseases such as Alzheimer’s, epilepsy, depression, and Parkinson’s disease. Conventional treatment of these disorders includes surgery or medication, but long-term use of medication is often not sustainable and can lead to drug poisoning, while surgery introduces the risk of infection and is not always successful.
In various studies, the administration of ginsenosides improved spatial memory, promoted nerve growth and health, improved mental work capacity, and long-term memory, and regulated multiple signaling pathways in the brain associated with neurological disorders, reducing the risk of disease and improving symptoms in subjects.
While still in the early stages of study, researchers are eager to determine the exact mechanisms behind ginsenosides’ strong neurological benefits.
3. Reduced Fatigue
Ginseng supplements, long believed to improve energy and physical health, are a promising treatment for fatigue, especially for those suffering from chronic illnesses or postoperative fatigue.
In a randomized, placebo-controlled trial, researchers demonstrated that ginsenosides greatly improved fatigue levels in 174 participants after just four weeks of treatment, without any significant adverse effects.
These results could be due to improved energy metabolism, enhancement of mental clarity, and suppression of oxidative stress. Researchers are still unsure as to the exact nature of ginseng’s anti-fatigue properties.
4. Improved Erectile Dysfunction and Sexual Health
One of the claimed health benefits of ginseng is improved sexual performance. In multiple studies, ginsenosides played a therapeutic role in the treatment of erectile dysfunction by increasing endothelial nitric oxide synthase expression, an enzyme important for vascular health in corpus cavernosum tissue.
Ginsenosides also increase secretions of luteinizing hormone, a hormone that signals the production of testosterone, and researchers have demonstrated that ginsenosides extracted from Asian Panax ginseng can increase testosterone levels.
Similar studies also showed improved levels of sperm count and sperm motility, suggesting that ginsenosides may be a useful therapeutic tool for the treatment and prevention of male reproductive diseases or disorders.
5.Reduced Risk of Diabetes and Improved Hyperglycemia
Researchers have found that ginsenosides found in the extract of Panax ginseng have anti-diabetic effects, thanks to improved lipid and insulin sensitivity and regulated glycolipid metabolism.
In a report studying the root extracts of ginseng, researchers discovered that ginsenosides actually increase insulin production while decreasing cell apoptosis in pancreatic.
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