Florida officials have put forward a proposal to prohibit the tracking of firearm and ammunition purchases, arguing that the collection of data by state financial institutions violates the Second Amendment.
The trio of Florida state officials—all Republicans—laid out on Jan. 10 the “Florida Arms and Ammo Act,” a first-in-the-nation policy proposal to bar tracking guns and ammo sales via merchant category codes.
Florida Commissioner of Agriculture Wilton Simpson, along with state Sen. Danny Burgess and state Rep. John Snyder, argued that the adoption of the tracking codes would create a quasi-registry of Floridians who have bought guns and ammo legally.
“We are all blessed to live in the free state of Florida where our Second Amendment rights are valued and protected, but Democrats in Washington continue to try to chip away at these rights—and we must stay vigilant,” Simpson, a former state Senate president who was recently sworn in as agriculture commissioner, said in a statement.
Firearm-Specific Tracking Codes
Gun-control advocates and Democrat lawmakers pushed for the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) to recently adopt new merchant category codes that can be used to identify retail sales of firearms and ammunition when made by credit card.
A coalition of national gun-control groups, including Guns Down America, Giffords, Brady, and New Yorkers Against Gun Violence, issued a joint statement applauding the new tracking codes when the ISO approved their creation in September 2022.
The groups stated that the decision “paves the way for credit card companies to help law enforcement preempt mass shootings and firearm trafficking by identifying suspicious patterns of firearms and ammunition purchases” via the merchant codes for roughly 9,000 federally licensed firearms dealers across the United States.
“This sensible decision also reflects a commitment to prevent gun violence and the unnecessary loss of life,” reads the Oct. 20, 2022, letter, which was signed by 118 Democrats.
Following the rollout of the codes, two dozen Republican attorneys general urged credit card companies to ditch plans to track gun sales in the United States through firearm-specific transaction numbers.
They argued that tracking firearm purchase data “only matters if your institutions are considering using that information to take further, harmful action—like infringing upon consumer privacy, inhibiting constitutionally protected purchases by selectively restricting the use of your payment systems, or otherwise withholding your financial services from targeted ‘disfavored’ merchants.”
The attorneys general warned that they’re prepared to take legal action “to protect our citizens and consumers from unlawful attempts to undermine their constitutional rights.”
The Jan. 10 move by Florida officials expands on that effort.
‘Line in the Sand’
Simpson suggested that there would be legal consequences for the tracking of firearm and ammunition purchases via the codes.
“The ‘Florida Arms and Ammo Act’ draws a line in the sand and tells multinational progressive financial institutions and their allies in Washington that they cannot covertly create a backdoor firearm registry of Floridians–or else,” he said.
Burgess vowed to work closely with Snyder in the state legislature to get this “important” bill to Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis’s desk by the end of the year.
“This is the United States of America. You don’t get penalized for exercising a constitutional right,” Burgess said in a statement. “The Second Amendment is nonnegotiable, and here in Florida, we are going to fight to protect the rights of Floridians.”
Snyder warned that the use of the tracking codes would create a “comprehensive database of law-abiding Floridians” that the proposed legislation would prevent.“Gun owners will not be targeted by financial institutions in the free state of Florida,” Snyder said.
The National Rifle Association (NRA) has also criticized the adoption of the firearm-specific merchant codes, calling them an erosion of Second Amendment rights.
“The decision to create a firearm-specific code is nothing more than a capitulation to anti-gun politicians and activists bent on eroding the rights of law-abiding Americans, one transaction at a time,” an NRA spokesperson said.
On the campaign trail and since taking office, President Joe Biden has pledged to get tougher on guns, citing the need to curb gun-related violence.
Biden has publicly said he would back measures that ban magazines that carry 10 rounds or more—which are very common and are owned by millions of Americans—and so-called assault weapons, a term that some Republicans have said isn’t clearly defined and intentionally vague to allow the gun-control net to be cast more widely.
A widely cited study (pdf) released by the Department of Justice found that assault weapons were “rarely used” in gun crimes, but the DOJ concluded that the 1994 ban on them may have had a larger impact if it remained in place after 2004.
Legislation introduced in 2021 in the U.S. Senate would ban magazines that hold more than 10 rounds, mirroring regulations in a dozen states, including California and New York.
The Department of Justice wrote in a 1999 report (pdf) that a 1994 federal ban on such magazines didn’t lead to a significant drop in shootings or murders.
In June 2022, Biden signed a gun control measure into law, representing the most sweeping gun law in decades.
Key provisions of the legislation include expanding federal background checks for buyers between the ages of 18 and 21, adding incentives for states to adopt so-called red flag laws, expanding access to mental health programs, and enhancing school security in a bid to prevent mass shootings.
Jack Phillips contributed to this report.