China Faces Serious Problem of Unbalanced Gender Ratio
TAIPEI—The only-child population in China has reached roughly 100 million since China implemented the birth control policy, according to a report released by the Strategic Research Division of the National Population and Family Planning Commission of China. Meanwhile, a problem becoming increasingly more evident is the unbalanced ratio of males to females.
China's state-run Xinhua News Agency quoted the report, saying that after entering the 21st century, these children have gradually reached childbearing age. The report stated that China's aggregate birth rate in the next thirty years should remain at about 1.8 percent. If the rate is too high or too low, it would be unfavorable for the coordination among population and economic as well as social developments.
The report revealed that after 2005, men have outnumbered women in the marriage and childbearing age range. By 2020, there will be some 30 million more men than women between twenty and forty-five years of age.
According to the report, China's population will increase by 200 million in the next 30 years, which means the total population will hit 1.36 billion by 2010 and 1.45 billion by 2020, before peaking at 1.5 billion in 2033, at which point China's population will decrease gradually. The Strategic Research Division of the National Population and Family Planning Commission of China is composed of over 300 experts and scholars.
The report was made by the Division after conducting thorough research on China's trends in population development, relationships among population, economic and social resources, and environment from February 2004 to April 2006.