Even if you’re not familiar with the name Paul Prudhomme, it’s likely you’ve enjoyed the benefits of his long and celebrated career.

Prudhomme was a Louisiana-born chef with a larger-than-life personality who introduced Americans to the bold flavors and rich roux-based dishes of his childhood. The cuisine of New Orleans is distinct, combining the rich culinary traditions of those who settled the area long ago. The city’s food is a reflection of the people who still live there today, with influences from France, Africa, and Spain (just for starters), and the strongly rooted traditions of the Cajun and Creole cultures.

In this Shrimp Etouffee recipe, The Culinary Institute of America channels the spirit of Prudhomme. Flavorful and vibrant, this rustic dish is meant to be shared around a table of family and good friends.

Shrimp Etouffee

(Phil Mansfield/The Culinary Institute of America via AP)
(Phil Mansfield/The Culinary Institute of America via AP)

Prep and Cook Time

4 hours (Active: 1 hour 10 minutes; inactive: 2 hours 50 minutes)

Number Serves

10

Ingredients

For the Shrimp Stock

  • 1 pound (about 1 quart) shrimp shells and heads
  • 1/2 large yellow onion, chopped
  • 1 stalk celery, chopped
  • 3 carrots, chopped
  • 3 garlic cloves, peeled and crushed
  • 1 bay leaf
  • 1 teaspoon black peppercorns, cracked
  • 2 tablespoons tomato paste
  • 2 tablespoons brandy
  • 2 teaspoons kosher salt

For the Spinach and Roasted Pepper Tian

  • 5 red bell peppers
  • 2 tablespoons unsalted butter
  • 4 shallots, sliced
  • 5 cloves garlic, sliced
  • 2 pounds, 8 ounces baby spinach
  • 1/2 teaspoon kosher salt

For the Creole Seasoning
(Makes 10 portions)

  • 2 1/2 tablespoons paprika
  • 2 tablespoons kosher salt
  • 1 tablespoon minced garlic
  • 1 tablespoon freshly ground black pepper
  • 1 tablespoon onion powder
  • 1 tablespoon cayenne pepper
  • 1 tablespoon chopped fresh oregano
  • 1 tablespoon chopped fresh thyme

For the Etouffee

  • 2 tablespoons unsalted butter
  • 2 yellow onions, chopped
  • 2 red bell peppers, chopped
  • 6 stalks celery, chopped
  • 2 tablespoons minced garlic
  • 4 Roma tomatoes, seeds removed, diced
  • 2 dried bay leaves
  • 2 teaspoons kosher salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon cayenne pepper
  • 2 tablespoons Creole Seasoning
  • 1 quart Shrimp Stock
  • 3 pounds (21 to 25) large shrimp, peeled and deveined, shells reserved for stock
  • 1/4 cup chopped parsley
  • Spinach and Roasted Pepper Tian
  • 2 scallions, thinly sliced

Directions

To Make the Shrimp Stock

Heat the oven to 350 F. Place the shrimp shells and heads on a baking sheet. Bake until they begin to char on the edges, about 30 minutes.

Remove the shrimp from the oven and transfer to a stock pot. Add the onions, celery, carrots, garlic, bay leaf, peppercorns, and tomato paste, and stir to combine. Cook until the tomato paste has darkened slightly, about 6 minutes. Add the brandy and simmer until the liquid has reduced, about 4 minutes.

Add two quarts of water and bring to a simmer. Skim to remove any foam that rises to the surface.

Reduce the heat to medium-low and simmer, uncovered, until reduced by about half, about 45 minutes, skimming occasionally. Season with salt.

Remove from the heat and strain through a fine-mesh sieve. Set aside until ready to use

To Make the Tian

Roast the red peppers over a flame until charred all over. Alternately, cut around the core of the pepper to remove the seeds and stem. Lay the pepper flat, skin side up, on a baking sheet and broil until charred, about 20 minutes. Transfer to a sealed container or covered bowl until cooled, about 15 minutes. Rub the charred skin from the pepper, using a clean towel, if needed. Cut the peppers open and remove the seeds. Use a 2 1/2-inch round cutter to cut circles from the peppers. Set aside.

Meanwhile, heat a large saute pan over medium heat. Add the butter, shallots, and garlic. Cook until translucent, about 4 minutes. Add the spinach and cover. Cook until wilted, about 3 minutes. Work in batches, if necessary. Stir in the salt, then transfer to a strainer and use the back of a spoon to press out as much liquid as possible.

Using a 2 1/2-inch cutter as a mold, place one piece of cut pepper in the cutter. Add a layer of spinach and top with another piece of cut pepper. Add another layer of spinach and top with a third cut pepper. Compress the layers and remove the cutter to reveal a three-layer tian. Repeat the process until you have 10 individual portions. Set aside until ready to use.

To Make the Creole Seasoning

Combine the ingredients and stir to combine. Store in an airtight container until ready to use.

To Make the Etouffee

Melt the butter in a large Dutch oven over medium heat. Add the onions, peppers, celery, and garlic. Cook until the vegetables have softened, stirring often, about 10 minutes.

Add the tomatoes, bay leaves, salt, cayenne, and 1 tablespoon of Creole seasoning. Cook until the tomatoes have released their juices, 2 to 3 minutes.

Add the shrimp stock and bring the mixture to a boil. Reduce to a simmer and cook until slightly thickened and flavorful, about 45 minutes.

Season the shrimp with the remaining 1 tablespoon of Creole seasoning and add to the pot, nestling them into the hot liquid. Cook until the shrimp are cooked through, about 6 minutes. Remove from the heat and stir in the parsley.

To serve, place a tian in a shallow serving bowl. Spoon the hot etouffee around the tian and garnish with scallions.