Passover 2014 Dates: Understanding the Hebrew Calendar
Passover 2014 Dates: Understanding the Hebrew Calendar

The holiday of Passover, or Pesach, follows the Hebrew calendar. It falls the 15-22 of the month of Nissan and this year is 5774 on the Hebrew calendar. Here are corresponding dates for Passover 2014 on the Gregorian calendar plus the dates for the next three years.

Sundown Monday, April 14, to evening Tuesday, April 22

Sundown Wednesday, April 3, to evening Saturday, April 11

Sundown Wednesday, April 22, to evening Saturday, April 30

Sundown Saturday, April 10, to evening  Tuesday, April 18

Typically, the first two days of Passover, from sundown the first date to nightfall two days later, are full-fledged holidays. The middle two days are considered minor holidays and the last two are more important again.

This year, the dates closely correspond with Easter holiday, which doesn’t always happen. Here are the dates for Easter 2014.

Palm Sunday – April 13
Good Friday – April 18

The Jewish calendar is considered a lunar-solar calendar. The length of days are controlled by the times of sunset and sunrise, hence the length of day varies depending on the season. The months, on the other hand, follow the phases of the moon, but the months also must align with the right seasons which is governed by the sun.

Since the solar year is 365 days, and the lunar year is 354 days, leap years (“pregnant years” in Hebrew) have to be added to resolve the discrepancy. Unlike Gregorian calendar leap years which add an extra day, February 29, Hebrew calendar leap years add an entire extra month. Thirteen-month leap years occur 7 times in a 19-year cycle.





  • jim6555

    The article implies that the length of the days on the Jewish calendar varies by season. Last time that I checked, each day, regardless of season is 24 hours long. The amount of sunlight versus darkness differs by season. That’s a natural phenomenon that has nothing to do with the Jewish calendar. Perhaps the author is confused by the fact that Shabbat (the Sabbath) starts on Friday evening at a slightly different time each week and also ends at a different time. What we’re talking about here is a period that runs from sunset of Friday to Sunset on Saturday. Shabbat days will longer in summer and shorter in the winter. So will all other days of the week.

    • Unlisted2u

      It most certainly does not imply day length on the Jewish calendar varies by season..

      The author clearly states: “The length of days are controlled by the times of sunset and sunrise,…”

      Even though the second half of the sentence reads: “…hence the length of day varies depending on the season. ,” one cannot take a portion of a writer’s statement in order to spin her intent..

      Besides which, the author says ‘day’, not ‘days’.. The singular alone in the 2nd half of her statement, even if taken by itself, still infers varying day length regardless which calendar one follows..

  • Marco

    What’s not talked about is the fact that the rabbinic calendar isn’t always in sync with the calendar as described in the Torah. For example , the Adar bet month is a pre-set extra month in the rabbinic calendar while in scripture it depends on whether the barley is aviv in Israel. Also the true date for a new Month depends on the visual sighting of the newly formed waxing crescent called the new moon rather than a prescheduled date. Both of those factors could change the date of Passover.

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