Official: Haiti Drought Causes ‘Extreme Emergency’
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PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti — A drought is causing an extreme emergency in northeast Haiti, wiping out sorely needed crops and livestock, an official said Tuesday.
Pierre Gary Mathieu of the government’s National Coordination of Food Security told The Associated Press that the eight-month-long drought in the region has caused the loss of two harvest seasons. It will take the area six months to recover.
“That’s a major problem,” Mathieu said.
The hardship is especially evident in some schools where there’s food for students but no water to cook. Other schools have neither food nor water, Mathieu said.
The usually arid area has seen some rain lately but not enough to replenish crops.
Government employees and aid workers plan to distribute seeds to farmers and food to others. Officials are due to meet this Thursday with international humanitarian workers to figure out how to coordinate a response, Mathieu said.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network, or FEWS NET, a U.S.-government financed program that tracks weather patterns, agricultural production and food prices in an effort to offset famine, describes worrisome conditions for Haiti’s northeast.
Until last November, rainfall was evenly distributed in most of the country’s crop-producing areas during production cycles. But a second rainy season that normally begins in August didn’t begin until two to three weeks later, and northeastern Haiti received very little of that rainfall.
“People need jobs immediately but they also need food,” Mathieu said.
The drought has also extended to other parts of the north, especially along the northwestern peninsula, FEWS NET reports. Farmers have had to travel farther to find drinking water.
Haiti and its 10 million people are especially vulnerable to the whims of weather. In 2012, a drought and flooding caused by the outer bands of Tropical Storm Isaac and Hurricane Sandy destroyed key crops, forcing many Haitians to go hungry.