NEW YORK—Residents and community groups converged on the steps on City Hall March 5 to call for mandatory inclusionary zoning (MIZ) laws that would require new medium-to large-sized residential developments to include affordable housing units.
“This is a wide array of communities from across the city all calling for a guarantee of affordable housing in future residential developments,” said Barika Williams, policy director for the Association for Neighborhood and Housing Development, Inc. (ANHD).
ANHD wants non-expiration affordable housing, so that property owners cannot take affordable housing and turn it into market rate housing later. They ask that if there is any change to affordable housing units because of land use actions, that the units be replaced, and that rent regulated units also be exchanged 1-for-1 in new residences.
Different versions of MIZ laws only require that developers build a percentage of the affordable units, whether on or off the site they are developing. Affordable housing advocates called for all new residential units to include affordable housing, and that it be a mandate across the entire City.
Under former Mayor Michael Bloomberg, developers were given incentives to build affordable units but were not required to do so.
City Council member Brad Lander estimated in a 2013 report that from 2005-2013 the program generated on average about 346 affordable housing units a year (2,769 total), and only in certain areas. ANHD estimates that mandatory inclusionary zoning would create 4,000 new affordable units a year, with a total of 32,000 over the next eight years.
Cities like Chicago, Boston, San Francisco, and Denver have experimented with MIZ policies, and while they did and do create affordable housing, they have not produced such high results.
According to the Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning (CMAP), Denver started its program in 2002 and in the first three years generated a little over 1,000 affordable housing units a year. That same year San Francisco changed its housing code so that MIZ covered all residential buildings with 10 or more units. In the first two years it generated only about 45 affordable units a year. Boston had similar figures, generating about 36 affordable units a year in the first two years, and $4 million in donations as an alternative way for developers to contribute to affordable housing without building it.
As public advocate, New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio included mandatory inclusionary zoning in his 2013 report, titled “Foundation for An Affordable City,” as one of many tools to make New York City more affordable. Since he took office he has not laid out his plans to create the promised 200,000 affordable units over the next ten years.
A number of City Council members as well as Manhattan Borough President Gale Brewer attended the rally.
“I think that we have a lot of support in the City Council and I think we are going to get a lot of support from the administration as well so we just have to keep that drum beat going,” said Jumaane Williams, a City Council member representing parts of Brooklyn.
Holly Kellum is a special correspondent in New York.