The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) said that Red Bull energy drinks were named in 21 adverse event reports submitted to the agency.
In a posting on its website, the FDA said that there were no deaths among the 21 incidents since 2004 to Oct. 23, 2012.
The adverse event reports stated that consumers experienced nausea, increased heart rate, chest pain, convulsion, cardiac disorder, and myocardial infraction, among other reactions. There were four hospitalizations, and the incidents were voluntarily reported to the agency.
In the collection of reports, the FDA stated, “Reports … containing adverse event data may change over time.”
A small Red Bull drink has approximately 80 milligrams of caffeine, which is about the same amount as one cup of coffee.
Red Bull representatives told the New York Times, “As the FDA stated, ‘The existence of an adverse event report does not necessarily mean that the product identified in the report actually caused the adverse event.’” They added that the company’s products are safe.
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