A dramatic sunrise view of Tycho crater on June 11. Tycho crater's central peak complex, shown here, is about 9.3 miles (15 km) wide, left to right -- southeast to northwest in this view. (NASA Goddard/Arizona State University)
NASA has published stunning sunrise images of Tycho crater on the moon taken by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO).
The crater is approximately 51 miles (82 kilometers) wide and about 2.92 miles (4.7 kilometers) deep with a complex peak at its center.
Tycho is around 110 million years old, which is young for a lunar crater. Its peak features a large number of “clasts” or rock fragments that range from several tens of feet to hundreds of yards in size.
The LRO images reveal that the central peak was created rapidly while its fractures probably formed slowly due to erosion and slippage of the peak’s steep walls.
An oblique (angled) view of the summit area of Tycho crater's central peak. The boulder in the background is nearly 400 feet (120 m) wide. The image itself is about 3/4ths of a mile wide. (NASA Goddard/Arizona State University)
LRO image mosaic showing Tycho crater under lighting conditions similar to when the 'oblique' image was taken. North is up in this image, which is about 81 miles wide (130 km). (NASA Goddard/Arizona State University)
Vertical view of the Tycho central peak summit, highlighting the same 400-foot-wide boulder as in the above image. (NASA Goddard/Arizona State University)
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